In this study, a reversed-phase chromatomembrane extraction (RP-CME) method as a novel approach for automated sample pretreatment was suggested for the first time. The RP-CME was applied to automated separation of anions (formate, chloride, nitrate, phosphate and sulfate) from biodiesel samples as a proof-of-concept example. The novel design of chromatomembrane cell was developed for on-line RP-CME. The RP-CME procedure assumed mass-transfer of water-soluble analytes from organic sample phase (biodiesel sample) to aqueous phase supported in a porous composite mass-transfer block. The composite mass-transfer block based on microporous hydrophobic poly (tetrafluoroethylene) and hydrophilic glass fiber was developed for the RP-CME implementation. The block provided the effective retention of aqueous phase into the cell and simultaneous penetration of organic phase. The hydrophilic membrane-based sheet was used for the on-line separation of hydrophilic emulsion (biodiesel in water) containing target analytes obtained during analytes elution by aqueous phase from the mass-transfer block. The RP-CME was successfully coupled with an ion chromatography with conductivity detection. The limits of detection, calculated from a blank test based on 3σ, were 5 μg kg−1 for sulfate, 6 μg kg−1 for nitrate, 3 μg kg−1 for chloride, 5 μg kg−1 for phosphate and 1 μg kg−1 for formate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-68
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
StatePublished - 9 Dec 2019

    Research areas

  • Anions, Automated sample pretreatment, Biodiesel, Chromatomembrane cell, Ion chromatography with conductivity detection, Reversed-phase chromatomembrane extraction, ONLINE COLLECTION/CONCENTRATION, TRACE AMOUNTS, METHANOL, GLYCEROL, DIOXIDE, AIR, FLOW, CHEMISTRY, SEPARATION, CELL

    Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Environmental Chemistry

ID: 46161342