• A.D. Fernández-Valero
  • S.A. Karpov
  • N. Sampedro
  • J. Gordi
  • N. Timoneda
  • E. Garcés
  • A. Reñé
We identified two new parasite species of Chytridiomycota isolated during blooms of the dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum in the coastal Mediterranean Sea. Light and electron microscopy together with molecular characterization of the nuclear 18S, ITS, and 28S rDNA regions led to their identification as two new species, Dinomyces gilberthii and Paradinomyces evelyniae, both belonging to the family Dinomycetaceae, order Rhizophydiales. Dinomyces gilberthii differs from the previously described D. arenysensis by the presence of discharge papillae and the development of a drop-shaped sporangium. Paradinomyces evelyniae differs from the previously described P. triforaminorum by the prominent lipid globule present in early sporangia and by the pointed end producing a rhizoid. The two chytrids differed in their geographical distribution. Dinomyces gilberthii was detected in several Mediterranean habitats, including harbours and beaches, and was particularly prevalent during summer dinoflagellate blooms. Its widespread occurrence in coastal ecosystems suggested a high level of adaptability to this environment. Paradinomyces evelyniae had a more restricted distribution in the coastal-marine environment, occurring in harbour sediments and only occasionally in the water column during winter and early spring. Paradinomyces evelyniae has previously been detected in the Baltic Sea, suggesting that its distribution encompasses contrasting coastal environments, although its presence is rare. © 2024 The Author(s)
Original languageEnglish
Article number126053
JournalEuropean Journal of Protistology
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2024

    Research areas

  • Chytridiomycota, Coastal ecosystems, Dinoflagellate, Fungal parasites, Fungi, Molecular phylogeny, Ultrastructure

ID: 117803497