In this work, it was shown for the first time that deep eutectic solvents provide effective liquid-phase microextraction of melamine from dairy products. In accordance with the developed procedure, the milk sample is mixed with salt (sodium sulfate) to precipitate proteins and, after that, melamine is extracted into the phase of a hydrophobic eutectic solution based on thymol and nonanoic acid. After phase separation, the analyte is detected in the eutectic solvent phase. In the developed analytical procedure, a medium-chain fatty acid as a precursor of the extraction solvent promotes mass-transfer of melamine due to strong interactions between carboxyl and amino groups. The terpenoid as a precursor of the extraction solvent has a synergistic effect in melamine extraction due to possible π–π interaction. The estimated phenomenon was applied to the effective separation of highly hydrophilic analyte from aqueous sample phase followed by its determination by high-performance liquid chromatography. Under optimal conditions, a range of determined concentration was from 0.1 to 30 mg L−1 with a limit of detection of 0.03 mg L−1. The procedure is fast (7 min), miniaturized (100 μL of the extraction solvent) and repeatable (RSD % < 5 %). The developed procedure was optimized and used for the determination of melamine in real samples of powdered and whole milk.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105083
JournalJournal of Food Composition and Analysis
Early online date7 Dec 2022
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2023

    Research areas

  • Dairy products, deep eutectic solvent, HPLC-UV, Melamine, Microextraction, Deep eutectic solvent

ID: 102466197