The main ideas of Kant’s moral philosophy were embodied in what can be called the “Enlightenment Project”. Kant’s calls for freedom, nti-paternalism and the requirement of abandonment of concern for moral behaviour are associated with ethical ideas of autonomy, the categorical imperative, negative and positive freedom, the universality of morality in relation to the human being as a rational actor etc. These ideas are consistent with the ideals of the “Enlightenment Project”. The following ideals can be distinguished: 1) the ideal of classical scientific rationality; 2) the idea of “pure reason”; 3) free, equal and autonomous individuals; 4) moral universalism; 5) the creation of a united human civilisation; 6) the ideals of moral progress and universal happiness. In contemporary philosophy and ethics the main objects of criticism are the ideals of a free and autonomous individual, as well as ideas about the possibility of the existence of universal morality. In the context of the discussion of the possibility of the existenceof rationally justified universal morality and the existing moral pluralism, the results of the experimental on-line research of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) – “Moral Machine” – are interesting. The analysis of the results of this study shows the possibility of the existence of different types of rational universality (scientific-epistemological and moral). But while scientific universality requires theoretical unity of empirical data, moral universality firstly allows pluralism of norms and values and, secondly, requires a generalised normative regulation ofempirical moral diversity.
Translated title of the contributionМоральный универсализм Канта, "Проект Просвещения" и экспериментальная этика
Original languageEnglish
Article number03006
Number of pages7
JournalSHS Web of Conferences
StatePublished - 8 Mar 2023
EventXII Кантовские чтения. Кант и этика Просвещения: исторические основания и современное значение - Kaliningrad, Russian Federation
Duration: 21 Apr 201925 Apr 2019

    Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy

    Research areas

  • Enlightenment Project, moral universalism, moral machine, experimental ethics

ID: 103447755