In this paper, we report the very first occurrence of titanian hydroxylclinohumite in the marble-hosted gem spinel deposits of the Luc Yen district, northern Vietnam. Hydroxylclinohumite is anhedral and associated with forsterite, tremolite, pargasite, diopside, spinel, dolomite and calcite. Hydroxylclinohumite from the Luc Yen deposit was characterized via electron microprobe analysis, single-crystal X-ray diffraction study, and Raman spectrometry. The average composition is (Mg0.69Ti0.29Fe0.02)S1.00Mg7.91(SiO4)4.08[(OH)1.10F0.53O0.37]S2.00. (ideally (Mg0.7Ti0.3)S1Mg8.0(SiO4)4 [(OH)1.2F0.5O0.3]2). The compositions of the analyzed hydroxylclinohumites have a narrow range of Mg/(Mg+Fe+Ti) values (0.96–0.97) and a defined hydroxylclinohumite solid-solution series. Compared with other occurrences, the Luc Yen hydroxylclinohumite has an average titanium content, which attains 0.31 atoms per formula unit (3.93 wt.% TiO2) and a low iron content of 0.04 atoms per formula unit (0.42 wt.% FeO). The formation of hydroxylclinohumite is favored by the proportion of
Mg, and Si in the precursor rocks and the increased activity of H2O in the fluid phase.
Original languageEnglish
Article number901
Number of pages14
Issue number7
StatePublished - 2 Jul 2023

    Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

ID: 107554927