Abstract: The concept of equilibrium flow-through methods and their capabilities and limitations are considered. Special attention is paid to cyclic injection analysis (CIA). General diagrams for the automation of cyclic injection analysis of liquid, gaseous, and solid phase samples are presented. Analytical performance of CIA is illustrated by examples of automated chemical analyses of food products, biological fluids, pharmaceuticals, and environmental samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)993-1002
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Analytical Chemistry
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2019

    Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

    Research areas

  • automation, cyclic injection analysis, flow-through analysis, miniaturization

ID: 70791464