BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Malformations of the left ventricular outflow tract are one of the most common forms of congenital heart disorders. Recently, it has been shown that mutations in the NOTCH1 gene can lead to bicuspid aortic valve, aortic aneurysm, and hypoplastic left heart syndrome. The aim of our study was to estimate the frequency of NOTCH1 gene mutations/substitutions in patients with aortic coarctation, isolated or combined with bicuspid aortic valve.
DESIGN AND PATIENTS: The study included 51 children with coarctation. Detailed family history was obtained for every study subject, and echocardiographic data were obtained for the relatives when available. We applied a strategy of targeted mutation screening for 10 out of 34 exons of the NOTCH1 gene by direct sequencing. Control DNA was obtained from 200 healthy donors.
RESULTS: In more than half of the cases, coarctation was combined with bicuspid aortic valve, and in approximately half of the cases, it was combined with hypoplasia of the aortic arch or descending aorta. Familial history of congenital heart disease was observed in 34.3% of the cases. In total, 29 variants of the NOTCH1 gene were identified in the patient group and in the control subjects. Four of those variants led to amino acid exchange, of which only one, R1279H, was identified in both the patient group and in the controls. This variant was significantly overrepresented in the patients with aortic coarctation compared with those in the control group (P < .05). We conclude that the R1279H substitution in the NOTCH1 gene is significantly overrepresented in patients with aortic coarctation and, therefore, may represent a disease-susceptibility allele.
Предметные области Scopus
- Педиатрия перинатология и здоровье ребенка
- Радиология, радиационная медицина и радионуклидная визуализация
- Кардиология и сердечно-сосудистая медицина