Using the Model Statement Technique as a Lie Detection Tool: A Cross-Cultural Comparison

Aldert Vrij, Sharon Leal, Samantha Mann, Alla Shaboltas, Maria Khaleeva, Juliana Granskaya, Eunkyung Jo

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

Выдержка

Background. Researchers have started to demonstrate that verbal cues to deceit can be elicited through specific interview protocols. One that has yielded success is the Model Statement technique, which works as a social comparison and raises interviewees' expectations about how much information they are required to report. This technique has been developed and tested in the United Kingdom, and is used in the field. A tool used in the field should be thoroughly examined in different settings, including in different cultures.

Objective. We examined the effect of the Model Statement tool on eliciting information and cues to deceit in Russian and South Korean participants.

Design. A total of 160 Russian and South Korean participants were recruited via an advert on the university intranets and advertisement leaflets. The advert explained that the experiment would require participants to tell the truth or lie about a trip away that they may (or may not) have taken within the last year. Truth tellers described a trip they made during the last twelve months, whereas liars made up a story about such a trip. Half of the participants listened to a Model Statement at the beginning of the interview. The dependent variables were "detail", "complications", "common knowledge details", "self-handicapping strategies", and "ratio of complications".

Results. The Model Statement elicited more details from both Russian and South Korean participants and strengthened "complications" and "ratio of complications" as cues to deceit in both samples. The effects were the strongest amongst South Korean participants.

Conclusion. The Model Statement technique seems to work across different cultures, but more research is required to determine why it worked better amongst South Korean than Russian participants.

Язык оригиналаАнглийский
Страницы (с-по)18-32
Число страниц15
ЖурналPsychology in Russia: State of the Art
Том12
Номер выпуска2
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 2019

Предметные области Scopus

  • Психология (все)

Цитировать

Vrij, Aldert ; Leal, Sharon ; Mann, Samantha ; Shaboltas, Alla ; Khaleeva, Maria ; Granskaya, Juliana ; Jo, Eunkyung. / Using the Model Statement Technique as a Lie Detection Tool : A Cross-Cultural Comparison. В: Psychology in Russia: State of the Art. 2019 ; Том 12, № 2. стр. 18-32.
@article{c39a0015645243ae8249d6fc1837229c,
title = "Using the Model Statement Technique as a Lie Detection Tool: A Cross-Cultural Comparison",
abstract = "Background. Researchers have started to demonstrate that verbal cues to deceit can be elicited through specific interview protocols. One that has yielded success is the Model Statement technique, which works as a social comparison and raises interviewees' expectations about how much information they are required to report. This technique has been developed and tested in the United Kingdom, and is used in the field. A tool used in the field should be thoroughly examined in different settings, including in different cultures.Objective. We examined the effect of the Model Statement tool on eliciting information and cues to deceit in Russian and South Korean participants.Design. A total of 160 Russian and South Korean participants were recruited via an advert on the university intranets and advertisement leaflets. The advert explained that the experiment would require participants to tell the truth or lie about a trip away that they may (or may not) have taken within the last year. Truth tellers described a trip they made during the last twelve months, whereas liars made up a story about such a trip. Half of the participants listened to a Model Statement at the beginning of the interview. The dependent variables were {"}detail{"}, {"}complications{"}, {"}common knowledge details{"}, {"}self-handicapping strategies{"}, and {"}ratio of complications{"}.Results. The Model Statement elicited more details from both Russian and South Korean participants and strengthened {"}complications{"} and {"}ratio of complications{"} as cues to deceit in both samples. The effects were the strongest amongst South Korean participants.Conclusion. The Model Statement technique seems to work across different cultures, but more research is required to determine why it worked better amongst South Korean than Russian participants.",
keywords = "Model Statement, cross-cultural comparison, information gathering, deception, CRITERIA, CUES",
author = "Aldert Vrij and Sharon Leal and Samantha Mann and Alla Shaboltas and Maria Khaleeva and Juliana Granskaya and Eunkyung Jo",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.11621/pir.2019.0202",
language = "Английский",
volume = "12",
pages = "18--32",
journal = "Psychology in Russia: State of the Art",
issn = "2074-6857",
publisher = "Издательство Московского университета",
number = "2",

}

Using the Model Statement Technique as a Lie Detection Tool : A Cross-Cultural Comparison. / Vrij, Aldert; Leal, Sharon; Mann, Samantha; Shaboltas, Alla; Khaleeva, Maria; Granskaya, Juliana; Jo, Eunkyung.

В: Psychology in Russia: State of the Art, Том 12, № 2, 2019, стр. 18-32.

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

TY - JOUR

T1 - Using the Model Statement Technique as a Lie Detection Tool

T2 - A Cross-Cultural Comparison

AU - Vrij, Aldert

AU - Leal, Sharon

AU - Mann, Samantha

AU - Shaboltas, Alla

AU - Khaleeva, Maria

AU - Granskaya, Juliana

AU - Jo, Eunkyung

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Background. Researchers have started to demonstrate that verbal cues to deceit can be elicited through specific interview protocols. One that has yielded success is the Model Statement technique, which works as a social comparison and raises interviewees' expectations about how much information they are required to report. This technique has been developed and tested in the United Kingdom, and is used in the field. A tool used in the field should be thoroughly examined in different settings, including in different cultures.Objective. We examined the effect of the Model Statement tool on eliciting information and cues to deceit in Russian and South Korean participants.Design. A total of 160 Russian and South Korean participants were recruited via an advert on the university intranets and advertisement leaflets. The advert explained that the experiment would require participants to tell the truth or lie about a trip away that they may (or may not) have taken within the last year. Truth tellers described a trip they made during the last twelve months, whereas liars made up a story about such a trip. Half of the participants listened to a Model Statement at the beginning of the interview. The dependent variables were "detail", "complications", "common knowledge details", "self-handicapping strategies", and "ratio of complications".Results. The Model Statement elicited more details from both Russian and South Korean participants and strengthened "complications" and "ratio of complications" as cues to deceit in both samples. The effects were the strongest amongst South Korean participants.Conclusion. The Model Statement technique seems to work across different cultures, but more research is required to determine why it worked better amongst South Korean than Russian participants.

AB - Background. Researchers have started to demonstrate that verbal cues to deceit can be elicited through specific interview protocols. One that has yielded success is the Model Statement technique, which works as a social comparison and raises interviewees' expectations about how much information they are required to report. This technique has been developed and tested in the United Kingdom, and is used in the field. A tool used in the field should be thoroughly examined in different settings, including in different cultures.Objective. We examined the effect of the Model Statement tool on eliciting information and cues to deceit in Russian and South Korean participants.Design. A total of 160 Russian and South Korean participants were recruited via an advert on the university intranets and advertisement leaflets. The advert explained that the experiment would require participants to tell the truth or lie about a trip away that they may (or may not) have taken within the last year. Truth tellers described a trip they made during the last twelve months, whereas liars made up a story about such a trip. Half of the participants listened to a Model Statement at the beginning of the interview. The dependent variables were "detail", "complications", "common knowledge details", "self-handicapping strategies", and "ratio of complications".Results. The Model Statement elicited more details from both Russian and South Korean participants and strengthened "complications" and "ratio of complications" as cues to deceit in both samples. The effects were the strongest amongst South Korean participants.Conclusion. The Model Statement technique seems to work across different cultures, but more research is required to determine why it worked better amongst South Korean than Russian participants.

KW - Model Statement

KW - cross-cultural comparison

KW - information gathering

KW - deception

KW - CRITERIA

KW - CUES

UR - http://psychologyinrussia.com

U2 - 10.11621/pir.2019.0202

DO - 10.11621/pir.2019.0202

M3 - статья

VL - 12

SP - 18

EP - 32

JO - Psychology in Russia: State of the Art

JF - Psychology in Russia: State of the Art

SN - 2074-6857

IS - 2

ER -