The ultrastructure of the paired lateral ciliary pits in several endemic species of Geocentrophora from Lake Baikal and in one cosmopolitan species, G. baltica, has been compared and the possible functional significance is discussed. The pit is composed of two distinctive parts; the bottom of the pit is an extensive sensitive area, filled with uni-and biciliary sensory receptors with reduced rootlets and numerous neurotubules. The walls of the pit are formed by several large ‘dark cells’, characterized by a dark cytoplasm with numerous mitochondria, a large nucleus, intracellular canaliculi, basal infoldings of the cell membrane, glycogen granules and a varying number of cilia. A protruding, densely ciliated ridge occurs along the anterior wall of the pit. The cilia have a strengthened rootlet system and seem to provide a strong water current into the pit. Dark cell processes penetrate the basement membrane of the pit and come into the vicinity of large cells with a cytoplasm similar to that of the ‘dark cells’ of the pit. These large cells in their turn come close to the terminal parts of the protonephridial canals, containing a weir. Smaller protonephridial capillaries without a weir seem to open directly into the pit lumen. The morphological data obtained suggest that the ciliary pit in not only a sensory structure, but plays a part in osmoregulation and ion exchange as well.
|Журнал||Hydrobiologia: The International Journal of Aquatic Sciences|
|Состояние||Опубликовано - 1995|
|Опубликовано для внешнего пользования||Да|
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