In light of the recent debate over post-truth or post-fact politics, Arendt's work provides important insights on the relationship between truth and politics. While some scholars argue that Arendt regards truth as antagonistic to politics, others focus on her notion of truth of facts in politics. We assert that, for Arendt, truthfulness is essential for politics, but the truthfulness of political actors involves more than the willingness to acknowledge and recognize facts. We read Arendt's essay "Socrates" and elicit three expectations regarding the truthfulness of political actors: the willingness to constitute one's own doxa, the willingness to actively engage in dialogue with others and relate one's doxa to theirs, and the willingness to develop an ongoing practice of "enlarged thought" by sustaining a mental conversation with a variety of doxai in one's imagination. We find that this threefold notion of truthfulness is of ultimate political importance since it plays an essential role in the human ability to bring to life relationships of plurality and to constitute a "common world." Our analysis allows us to articulate the challenges associated with practicing truthfulness in the contemporary political realm and the conditions that could enable political actors to take on this practice.
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