Thermal expansion of francisite, [Cu3BiO2](SeO3)2Cl, and its interpretation based on oxocentered copper-bismuth tetrahedra

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The thermal expansion of francisite, [Cu3-BiO2](SeO3)2Cl, a rare copper(II)-bismuth(III) oxide chloride selenite, was studied by high-temperature X-ray powder diffraction over the temperature range 293-773 K. The mineral is stable up to 748 K at which temperature it decomposes to [Bi2O2]Se, CuO and, probably, [BiO][CuSe]. The thermal expansion has an anisotropic character (α(a) = 9.0, α(b) = 4.7, α(c) = 17.0 · 10-6 K-1), which is determined by the distribution of the bonds between additional oxygen atoms ((a)O) and metal atoms (A). These bonds form two-dimensional systems in which each (a)O atom is tetrahedrally coordinated by one Bi and three Cu atoms. Thus the structure can be described in terms of oxocentered metal atom tetrahedra consisting of [(a)O2Cu3Bi] layers of ((a)OCu3Bi) tetrahedra, (SeO3) groups and Cl anions. This description gives the most reasonable viewpoint to explain the anisotropic thermal expansion character of francisite.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Страницы (с-по)440-444
Число страниц5
ЖурналPhysics and Chemistry of Minerals
Номер выпуска6
СостояниеОпубликовано - 1 янв 2000


Предметные области Scopus

  • Материаловедение (все)
  • Геохимия и петрология