Firms’ early internationalization has received considerable research attention. According to studies on born globals (Madsen and Servais 1997) and international new ventures (Oviatt and McDougall 1994), firms enter far markets soon after establishment. However, according to studies on slower internationalizers – for instance, in the case of innovation-related internationalization models (Bilkey 1978) and the Uppsala model (Johanson and Vahlne 1977, 1990) – internationalization takes more time and starts from the closest and/or more familiar markets.
Vissak, T., Tsukanova, T., & Zhang, X. (2017). The Value of Knowledge, Network Relationships and Governmental Support for Chinese Firms’ Early Internationalization: Survey Evidence. В Value Creation in International Business. Volume 2: An SME Perspective. (стр. 389; 195-217). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-39369-8_9