The origins and meaning of Russian anarchism

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

Выдержка

The article refutes the generally accepted belief that Hegel's system had made the most considerable influence on Russian philosophy of the 19th and 20th centuries and argues that in fact the Fichte's late religious philosophy had been more significant. The analysis of the M. Bakunin's anarchism makes it possible to assert that his conception has nothing to do with nihilism and appeared under the enormous influence of Fichte's doctrine. According to Bakunin's conception, the possibility to establish a social structure without state stems from a specific understanding of man and his destiny in the world. Like Fichte, Bakunin thinks that true Christianity gives correct understanding of man which is different from historical Christianity and is based on the principle of the identity of God and man. In accordance with the true Christianity, every man's destiny consists in revealing God with all possible plenitude, while Jesus Christ serves here as a model of the person who has already achieved this aim. This is the fact which determines the rejection of state in Bakunin's conception: as long as people are imperfect, the only way to achieve unity and harmony is external coercion, but those who reveal God within themselves will become perfect and their social life, being based on love and internal freedom, will immediately acquire harmonious form. The article demonstrates that even in his late years, when Bakunin maintained a materialistic worldview, he retained this understanding derived from Fichte's philosophy. It is shown that a close conception of man and society can be found in the views of many other Russian thinkers, in particular, in the F. Dostoevsky's and L. Tolstoy's worldview.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Страницы (с-по)5-15
Число страниц11
ЖурналVoprosy Filosofii
Номер выпуска4
СостояниеОпубликовано - 1 янв 2018

Отпечаток

Mikhail Aleksandrovich Bakunin
Anarchism
Conception
Johann Gottlieb Fichte
Christianity
Deity
Destiny
World View
Doctrine
Social Structure
Unity
Imperfect
Rejection
Religious philosophy
Georg W.F. Hegel
Plenitude
Coercion
Thinkers
Person
Harmony

Предметные области Scopus

  • Философия

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The origins and meaning of Russian anarchism. / Evlampiev, Igor I.

В: Voprosy Filosofii, № 4, 01.01.2018, стр. 5-15.

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

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