The longer the better: the effect of substrate on sessile biota in Arctic kelp forests

Natalia Shunatova, Daria Nikishina, Mikhail Ivanov, Jørgen Berge, Paul Renaud, Tatiana Ivanova, Andrei Granovitch

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатьянаучнаярецензирование

2 Цитирования (Scopus)

Выдержка

Kelps are ecosystem engineers and thus enhance biodiversity and subsidize food webs in nearshore areas. Numerous studies describing diversity and abundance of biota associated with kelp have focused on sub-tropical and temperate waters while kelp forests at high latitudes, where kelp is predicted to expand in distribution, remain mostly unexplored. Kelp forests contribute significantly to regional biodiversity, and associated fauna and the kelp themselves play ecologically important roles as habitat and feeding areas. Here, we report patterns in diversity, abundance and seasonal dynamics of fouling organisms associated with different regions of Saccharina latissima and nearby substrates (including stones of the barren ground). The study was conducted in Kongsfjorden, a high Arctic fjord on the west coast of Spitsbergen; and samples were taken
five times between September 2013 and January 2015. Trends in species richness of epifauna were similar for stones and holdfasts: higher in winter (due the presence of rare species), and lower in spring and autumn. Species richness and abundance demonstrated a clear tendency to increase in accordance with substrate stability. Stones housed the most diverse biota compared to living substrates. Holdfasts demonstrated similar patterns in species composition and abundance as stones due their close spatial arrangement and presence of demersal larvae in most of fouling organisms. Similarly, assemblages on blades in prostrate kelp forests are influenced by the species inhabiting stones of the barren ground. Both biotic and abiotic factors, including habitat stability and proximity to source populations, contribute to these spatial and temporal patterns in
faunal abundance and diversity.
Язык оригиналаанглийский
Страницы (с-по)993-1011
Число страниц19
ЖурналPolar Biology
Том41
Номер выпуска5
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - мая 2018

Отпечаток

Kelp
Biota
macroalgae
Arctic region
organisms
Ecosystem
Biodiversity
fouling
species diversity
Svalbard
biodiversity
Estuaries
Food Chain
habitats
Norway
food webs
Larva
Forests
fauna
autumn

Предметные области Scopus

  • Земледелие и биологические науки (все)

Цитировать

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title = "The longer the better: the effect of substrate on sessile biota in Arctic kelp forests",
abstract = "Kelps are ecosystem engineers and thus enhance biodiversity and subsidize food webs in nearshore areas. Numerous studies describing diversity and abundance of biota associated with kelp have focused on sub-tropical and temperate waters while kelp forests at high latitudes, where kelp is predicted to expand in distribution, remain mostly unexplored. Kelp forests contribute significantly to regional biodiversity, and associated fauna and the kelp themselves play ecologically important roles as habitat and feeding areas. Here, we report patterns in diversity, abundance and seasonal dynamics of fouling organisms associated with different regions of Saccharina latissima and nearby substrates (including stones of the barren ground). The study was conducted in Kongsfjorden, a high Arctic fjord on the west coast of Spitsbergen; and samples were takenfive times between September 2013 and January 2015. Trends in species richness of epifauna were similar for stones and holdfasts: higher in winter (due the presence of rare species), and lower in spring and autumn. Species richness and abundance demonstrated a clear tendency to increase in accordance with substrate stability. Stones housed the most diverse biota compared to living substrates. Holdfasts demonstrated similar patterns in species composition and abundance as stones due their close spatial arrangement and presence of demersal larvae in most of fouling organisms. Similarly, assemblages on blades in prostrate kelp forests are influenced by the species inhabiting stones of the barren ground. Both biotic and abiotic factors, including habitat stability and proximity to source populations, contribute to these spatial and temporal patterns infaunal abundance and diversity.",
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author = "Natalia Shunatova and Daria Nikishina and Mikhail Ivanov and J{\o}rgen Berge and Paul Renaud and Tatiana Ivanova and Andrei Granovitch",
year = "2018",
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The longer the better: the effect of substrate on sessile biota in Arctic kelp forests. / Shunatova, Natalia; Nikishina, Daria; Ivanov, Mikhail; Berge, Jørgen; Renaud, Paul ; Ivanova, Tatiana; Granovitch, Andrei.

В: Polar Biology, Том 41, № 5, 05.2018, стр. 993-1011.

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатьянаучнаярецензирование

TY - JOUR

T1 - The longer the better: the effect of substrate on sessile biota in Arctic kelp forests

AU - Shunatova, Natalia

AU - Nikishina, Daria

AU - Ivanov, Mikhail

AU - Berge, Jørgen

AU - Renaud, Paul

AU - Ivanova, Tatiana

AU - Granovitch, Andrei

PY - 2018/5

Y1 - 2018/5

N2 - Kelps are ecosystem engineers and thus enhance biodiversity and subsidize food webs in nearshore areas. Numerous studies describing diversity and abundance of biota associated with kelp have focused on sub-tropical and temperate waters while kelp forests at high latitudes, where kelp is predicted to expand in distribution, remain mostly unexplored. Kelp forests contribute significantly to regional biodiversity, and associated fauna and the kelp themselves play ecologically important roles as habitat and feeding areas. Here, we report patterns in diversity, abundance and seasonal dynamics of fouling organisms associated with different regions of Saccharina latissima and nearby substrates (including stones of the barren ground). The study was conducted in Kongsfjorden, a high Arctic fjord on the west coast of Spitsbergen; and samples were takenfive times between September 2013 and January 2015. Trends in species richness of epifauna were similar for stones and holdfasts: higher in winter (due the presence of rare species), and lower in spring and autumn. Species richness and abundance demonstrated a clear tendency to increase in accordance with substrate stability. Stones housed the most diverse biota compared to living substrates. Holdfasts demonstrated similar patterns in species composition and abundance as stones due their close spatial arrangement and presence of demersal larvae in most of fouling organisms. Similarly, assemblages on blades in prostrate kelp forests are influenced by the species inhabiting stones of the barren ground. Both biotic and abiotic factors, including habitat stability and proximity to source populations, contribute to these spatial and temporal patterns infaunal abundance and diversity.

AB - Kelps are ecosystem engineers and thus enhance biodiversity and subsidize food webs in nearshore areas. Numerous studies describing diversity and abundance of biota associated with kelp have focused on sub-tropical and temperate waters while kelp forests at high latitudes, where kelp is predicted to expand in distribution, remain mostly unexplored. Kelp forests contribute significantly to regional biodiversity, and associated fauna and the kelp themselves play ecologically important roles as habitat and feeding areas. Here, we report patterns in diversity, abundance and seasonal dynamics of fouling organisms associated with different regions of Saccharina latissima and nearby substrates (including stones of the barren ground). The study was conducted in Kongsfjorden, a high Arctic fjord on the west coast of Spitsbergen; and samples were takenfive times between September 2013 and January 2015. Trends in species richness of epifauna were similar for stones and holdfasts: higher in winter (due the presence of rare species), and lower in spring and autumn. Species richness and abundance demonstrated a clear tendency to increase in accordance with substrate stability. Stones housed the most diverse biota compared to living substrates. Holdfasts demonstrated similar patterns in species composition and abundance as stones due their close spatial arrangement and presence of demersal larvae in most of fouling organisms. Similarly, assemblages on blades in prostrate kelp forests are influenced by the species inhabiting stones of the barren ground. Both biotic and abiotic factors, including habitat stability and proximity to source populations, contribute to these spatial and temporal patterns infaunal abundance and diversity.

KW - Arctic kelp forest

KW - Sessile biota

KW - Seasonal dynamics

KW - Species richness

KW - Abundance

KW - Recruitment

KW - SPECIES-DIVERSITY

KW - ZOOPLANKTON COMMUNITY

KW - LAMINARIA-HYPERBOREA

KW - BENTHIC INVERTEBRATES

KW - STRUCTURAL COMPLEXITY

KW - SETTLING BEHAVIOR

KW - HELGOLAND NORTH-SEA

KW - SEASONAL GROWTH

KW - HABITAT

KW - MACROFAUNAL COMMUNITY

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UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/longer-better-effect-substrate-sessile-biota-arctic-kelp-forests

U2 - 10.1007/s00300-018-2263-z

DO - 10.1007/s00300-018-2263-z

M3 - Article

VL - 41

SP - 993

EP - 1011

JO - Polar Biology

JF - Polar Biology

SN - 0722-4060

IS - 5

ER -