The Arrival of Siberian Ancestry Connecting the Eastern Baltic to Uralic Speakers further East

Lehti Saag, Margot Laneman, Liivi Varul, Martin Malve, Heiki Valk, Maria A. Razzak, Ivan G. Shirobokov, Valeri I. Khartanovich, Elena R. Mikhaylova, Alena Kushniarevich, Christiana Lyn Scheib, Anu Solnik, Tuuli Reisberg, Jüri Parik, Lauri Saag, Ene Metspalu, Siiri Rootsi, Francesco Montinaro, Maido Remm, Reedik MägiEugenia D'Atanasio, Enrico Ryunosuke Crema, David Díez-del-Molino, Mark G. Thomas, Aivar Kriiska, Toomas Kivisild, Richard Villems, Valter Lang, Mait Metspalu, Kristiina Tambets

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

Выдержка

In this study, we compare the genetic ancestry of individuals from two as yet genetically unstudied cultural traditions in Estonia in the context of available modern and ancient datasets: 15 from the Late Bronze Age stone-cist graves (1200–400 BC) (EstBA) and 6 from the Pre-Roman Iron Age tarand cemeteries (800/500 BC–50 AD) (EstIA). We also included 5 Pre-Roman to Roman Iron Age Ingrian (500 BC–450 AD) (IngIA) and 7 Middle Age Estonian (1200–1600 AD) (EstMA) individuals to build a dataset for studying the demographic history of the northern parts of the Eastern Baltic from the earliest layer of Mesolithic to modern times. Our findings are consistent with EstBA receiving gene flow from regions with strong Western hunter-gatherer (WHG) affinities and EstIA from populations related to modern Siberians. The latter inference is in accordance with Y chromosome (chrY) distributions in present day populations of the Eastern Baltic, as well as patterns of autosomal variation in the majority of the westernmost Uralic speakers [1–5]. This ancestry reached the coasts of the Baltic Sea no later than the mid-first millennium BC; i.e., in the same time window as the diversification of west Uralic (Finnic) languages [6]. Furthermore, phenotypic traits often associated with modern Northern Europeans, like light eyes, hair, and skin, as well as lactose tolerance, can be traced back to the Bronze Age in the Eastern Baltic. Video Abstract: Saag et al. present aDNA from the teeth of 33 individuals from the Eastern Baltic dating to 3,200–400 years ago. They find that the Bronze Age in the Eastern Baltic brings an increase in hunter-gatherer ancestry and the Iron Age delivers genetic input from Siberia that also connects modern European Uralic speakers to those living much further east.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Страницы (с-по)1701-1711.e16
Число страниц27
ЖурналCurrent Biology
Том29
Номер выпуска10
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 20 мая 2019

Отпечаток

Far East
Bronze
East Asia
ancestry
Iron
Cemeteries
Estonia
Siberia
Gene Flow
Y Chromosome
Lactose
Chromosomes
Oceans and Seas
Hair
Population
iron
Coastal zones
Skin
Tooth
Language

Предметные области Scopus

  • Биохимия, генетика и молекулярная биология (все)
  • Земледелие и биологические науки (все)

Цитировать

Saag, L., Laneman, M., Varul, L., Malve, M., Valk, H., Razzak, M. A., ... Tambets, K. (2019). The Arrival of Siberian Ancestry Connecting the Eastern Baltic to Uralic Speakers further East. Current Biology, 29(10), 1701-1711.e16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2019.04.026
Saag, Lehti ; Laneman, Margot ; Varul, Liivi ; Malve, Martin ; Valk, Heiki ; Razzak, Maria A. ; Shirobokov, Ivan G. ; Khartanovich, Valeri I. ; Mikhaylova, Elena R. ; Kushniarevich, Alena ; Scheib, Christiana Lyn ; Solnik, Anu ; Reisberg, Tuuli ; Parik, Jüri ; Saag, Lauri ; Metspalu, Ene ; Rootsi, Siiri ; Montinaro, Francesco ; Remm, Maido ; Mägi, Reedik ; D'Atanasio, Eugenia ; Crema, Enrico Ryunosuke ; Díez-del-Molino, David ; Thomas, Mark G. ; Kriiska, Aivar ; Kivisild, Toomas ; Villems, Richard ; Lang, Valter ; Metspalu, Mait ; Tambets, Kristiina. / The Arrival of Siberian Ancestry Connecting the Eastern Baltic to Uralic Speakers further East. В: Current Biology. 2019 ; Том 29, № 10. стр. 1701-1711.e16.
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Saag, L, Laneman, M, Varul, L, Malve, M, Valk, H, Razzak, MA, Shirobokov, IG, Khartanovich, VI, Mikhaylova, ER, Kushniarevich, A, Scheib, CL, Solnik, A, Reisberg, T, Parik, J, Saag, L, Metspalu, E, Rootsi, S, Montinaro, F, Remm, M, Mägi, R, D'Atanasio, E, Crema, ER, Díez-del-Molino, D, Thomas, MG, Kriiska, A, Kivisild, T, Villems, R, Lang, V, Metspalu, M & Tambets, K 2019, 'The Arrival of Siberian Ancestry Connecting the Eastern Baltic to Uralic Speakers further East', Current Biology, том. 29, № 10, стр. 1701-1711.e16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2019.04.026

The Arrival of Siberian Ancestry Connecting the Eastern Baltic to Uralic Speakers further East. / Saag, Lehti; Laneman, Margot; Varul, Liivi; Malve, Martin; Valk, Heiki; Razzak, Maria A.; Shirobokov, Ivan G.; Khartanovich, Valeri I.; Mikhaylova, Elena R.; Kushniarevich, Alena; Scheib, Christiana Lyn; Solnik, Anu; Reisberg, Tuuli; Parik, Jüri; Saag, Lauri; Metspalu, Ene; Rootsi, Siiri; Montinaro, Francesco; Remm, Maido; Mägi, Reedik; D'Atanasio, Eugenia; Crema, Enrico Ryunosuke; Díez-del-Molino, David; Thomas, Mark G.; Kriiska, Aivar; Kivisild, Toomas; Villems, Richard; Lang, Valter; Metspalu, Mait; Tambets, Kristiina.

В: Current Biology, Том 29, № 10, 20.05.2019, стр. 1701-1711.e16.

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Arrival of Siberian Ancestry Connecting the Eastern Baltic to Uralic Speakers further East

AU - Saag, Lehti

AU - Laneman, Margot

AU - Varul, Liivi

AU - Malve, Martin

AU - Valk, Heiki

AU - Razzak, Maria A.

AU - Shirobokov, Ivan G.

AU - Khartanovich, Valeri I.

AU - Mikhaylova, Elena R.

AU - Kushniarevich, Alena

AU - Scheib, Christiana Lyn

AU - Solnik, Anu

AU - Reisberg, Tuuli

AU - Parik, Jüri

AU - Saag, Lauri

AU - Metspalu, Ene

AU - Rootsi, Siiri

AU - Montinaro, Francesco

AU - Remm, Maido

AU - Mägi, Reedik

AU - D'Atanasio, Eugenia

AU - Crema, Enrico Ryunosuke

AU - Díez-del-Molino, David

AU - Thomas, Mark G.

AU - Kriiska, Aivar

AU - Kivisild, Toomas

AU - Villems, Richard

AU - Lang, Valter

AU - Metspalu, Mait

AU - Tambets, Kristiina

PY - 2019/5/20

Y1 - 2019/5/20

N2 - In this study, we compare the genetic ancestry of individuals from two as yet genetically unstudied cultural traditions in Estonia in the context of available modern and ancient datasets: 15 from the Late Bronze Age stone-cist graves (1200–400 BC) (EstBA) and 6 from the Pre-Roman Iron Age tarand cemeteries (800/500 BC–50 AD) (EstIA). We also included 5 Pre-Roman to Roman Iron Age Ingrian (500 BC–450 AD) (IngIA) and 7 Middle Age Estonian (1200–1600 AD) (EstMA) individuals to build a dataset for studying the demographic history of the northern parts of the Eastern Baltic from the earliest layer of Mesolithic to modern times. Our findings are consistent with EstBA receiving gene flow from regions with strong Western hunter-gatherer (WHG) affinities and EstIA from populations related to modern Siberians. The latter inference is in accordance with Y chromosome (chrY) distributions in present day populations of the Eastern Baltic, as well as patterns of autosomal variation in the majority of the westernmost Uralic speakers [1–5]. This ancestry reached the coasts of the Baltic Sea no later than the mid-first millennium BC; i.e., in the same time window as the diversification of west Uralic (Finnic) languages [6]. Furthermore, phenotypic traits often associated with modern Northern Europeans, like light eyes, hair, and skin, as well as lactose tolerance, can be traced back to the Bronze Age in the Eastern Baltic. Video Abstract: Saag et al. present aDNA from the teeth of 33 individuals from the Eastern Baltic dating to 3,200–400 years ago. They find that the Bronze Age in the Eastern Baltic brings an increase in hunter-gatherer ancestry and the Iron Age delivers genetic input from Siberia that also connects modern European Uralic speakers to those living much further east.

AB - In this study, we compare the genetic ancestry of individuals from two as yet genetically unstudied cultural traditions in Estonia in the context of available modern and ancient datasets: 15 from the Late Bronze Age stone-cist graves (1200–400 BC) (EstBA) and 6 from the Pre-Roman Iron Age tarand cemeteries (800/500 BC–50 AD) (EstIA). We also included 5 Pre-Roman to Roman Iron Age Ingrian (500 BC–450 AD) (IngIA) and 7 Middle Age Estonian (1200–1600 AD) (EstMA) individuals to build a dataset for studying the demographic history of the northern parts of the Eastern Baltic from the earliest layer of Mesolithic to modern times. Our findings are consistent with EstBA receiving gene flow from regions with strong Western hunter-gatherer (WHG) affinities and EstIA from populations related to modern Siberians. The latter inference is in accordance with Y chromosome (chrY) distributions in present day populations of the Eastern Baltic, as well as patterns of autosomal variation in the majority of the westernmost Uralic speakers [1–5]. This ancestry reached the coasts of the Baltic Sea no later than the mid-first millennium BC; i.e., in the same time window as the diversification of west Uralic (Finnic) languages [6]. Furthermore, phenotypic traits often associated with modern Northern Europeans, like light eyes, hair, and skin, as well as lactose tolerance, can be traced back to the Bronze Age in the Eastern Baltic. Video Abstract: Saag et al. present aDNA from the teeth of 33 individuals from the Eastern Baltic dating to 3,200–400 years ago. They find that the Bronze Age in the Eastern Baltic brings an increase in hunter-gatherer ancestry and the Iron Age delivers genetic input from Siberia that also connects modern European Uralic speakers to those living much further east.

KW - ancient DNA

KW - Bronze Age

KW - Eastern Baltic

KW - Estonia

KW - Iron Age

KW - kinship

KW - Middle Ages

KW - phenotype

KW - population genetics

KW - shotgun sequencing

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U2 - 10.1016/j.cub.2019.04.026

DO - 10.1016/j.cub.2019.04.026

M3 - Article

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VL - 29

SP - 1701-1711.e16

JO - Current Biology

JF - Current Biology

SN - 0960-9822

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Saag L, Laneman M, Varul L, Malve M, Valk H, Razzak MA и соавт. The Arrival of Siberian Ancestry Connecting the Eastern Baltic to Uralic Speakers further East. Current Biology. 2019 Май 20;29(10):1701-1711.e16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2019.04.026