The 2016 June Optical and Gamma-Ray Outburst and Optical Microvariability of the Blazar 3C 454.3

Zachary R. Weaver, Thomas J. Balonek, Svetlana G. Jorstad, Alan P. Marscher, Valeri M. Larionov, Paul S. Smith, Samantha J. Boni, George A. Borman, K. J. Chapman, Leah G. Jenks, Evgenia N. Kopatskaya, Elena G. Larionova, Darla A. Morozova, Anna A. Nikiforova, Alina Sabyr, Sergey S. Savchenko, Ryan W. Stahlin, Yulia Troitskaya, Ivan S. Troitsky, Saiyang Zhang

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

1 цитирование (Scopus)

Выдержка

The quasar 3C 454.3 underwent a uniquely structured multifrequency outburst in 2016 June. The blazar was observed in the optical R-band by several ground-based telescopes in photometric and polarimetric modes, at γ-ray frequencies by the Fermi Large Area Telescope, and at 43 GHz with the Very Long Baseline Array. The maximum flux density was observed on 2016 June 24 at both optical and γ-ray frequencies, reaching mJy and ph cm -2 s -1, respectively. The 2016 June outburst possessed a precipitous decay at both γ-ray and optical frequencies, with the source decreasing in flux density by a factor of 4 over a 24 hr period in the R-band. Intraday variability was observed throughout the outburst, with flux density changes between 1 and 5 mJy over the course of a night. The precipitous decay featured statistically significant quasiperiodic microvariability oscillations with an amplitude of ∼2%-3% about the mean trend and a characteristic period of 36 minutes. The optical degree of polarization jumped from ∼3% to nearly 20% during the outburst, while the position angle varied by ∼120°. A knot was ejected from the 43 GHz core on 2016 February 25, moving at an apparent speed . From the observed minimum timescale of variability and derived Doppler factor δ = 22.6, we find the size of the emission region r ≲ 2.6 × 10 15 cm. If the quasiperiodic microvariability oscillations are caused by periodic variations of the Doppler factor of emission from a turbulent vortex, we derive the rotational speed of the vortex to be ∼0.2c.

Язык оригиналаАнглийский
Номер статьи15
Число страниц15
ЖурналAstrophysical Journal
Том875
Номер выпуска1
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 10 апр 2019

Предметные области Scopus

  • Астрономия и астрофизика
  • Космические науки и планетоведение

Цитировать

Weaver, Zachary R. ; Balonek, Thomas J. ; Jorstad, Svetlana G. ; Marscher, Alan P. ; Larionov, Valeri M. ; Smith, Paul S. ; Boni, Samantha J. ; Borman, George A. ; Chapman, K. J. ; Jenks, Leah G. ; Kopatskaya, Evgenia N. ; Larionova, Elena G. ; Morozova, Darla A. ; Nikiforova, Anna A. ; Sabyr, Alina ; Savchenko, Sergey S. ; Stahlin, Ryan W. ; Troitskaya, Yulia ; Troitsky, Ivan S. ; Zhang, Saiyang. / The 2016 June Optical and Gamma-Ray Outburst and Optical Microvariability of the Blazar 3C 454.3. В: Astrophysical Journal. 2019 ; Том 875, № 1.
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title = "The 2016 June Optical and Gamma-Ray Outburst and Optical Microvariability of the Blazar 3C 454.3",
abstract = "The quasar 3C 454.3 underwent a uniquely structured multifrequency outburst in 2016 June. The blazar was observed in the optical R-band by several ground-based telescopes in photometric and polarimetric modes, at γ-ray frequencies by the Fermi Large Area Telescope, and at 43 GHz with the Very Long Baseline Array. The maximum flux density was observed on 2016 June 24 at both optical and γ-ray frequencies, reaching mJy and ph cm -2 s -1, respectively. The 2016 June outburst possessed a precipitous decay at both γ-ray and optical frequencies, with the source decreasing in flux density by a factor of 4 over a 24 hr period in the R-band. Intraday variability was observed throughout the outburst, with flux density changes between 1 and 5 mJy over the course of a night. The precipitous decay featured statistically significant quasiperiodic microvariability oscillations with an amplitude of ∼2{\%}-3{\%} about the mean trend and a characteristic period of 36 minutes. The optical degree of polarization jumped from ∼3{\%} to nearly 20{\%} during the outburst, while the position angle varied by ∼120°. A knot was ejected from the 43 GHz core on 2016 February 25, moving at an apparent speed . From the observed minimum timescale of variability and derived Doppler factor δ = 22.6, we find the size of the emission region r ≲ 2.6 × 10 15 cm. If the quasiperiodic microvariability oscillations are caused by periodic variations of the Doppler factor of emission from a turbulent vortex, we derive the rotational speed of the vortex to be ∼0.2c.",
keywords = "galaxies: active, galaxies: jets, quasars: individual (3C 454.3), ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI, SPACE-TELESCOPE OBSERVATIONS, BL LACERTAE OBJECTS, RADIO-SOURCES, POLARIMETRIC OBSERVATIONS, EXTRAGALACTIC SOURCES, RELATIVISTIC JETS, HIGH-FREQUENCIES, POLARIZATION, VARIABILITY",
author = "Weaver, {Zachary R.} and Balonek, {Thomas J.} and Jorstad, {Svetlana G.} and Marscher, {Alan P.} and Larionov, {Valeri M.} and Smith, {Paul S.} and Boni, {Samantha J.} and Borman, {George A.} and Chapman, {K. J.} and Jenks, {Leah G.} and Kopatskaya, {Evgenia N.} and Larionova, {Elena G.} and Morozova, {Darla A.} and Nikiforova, {Anna A.} and Alina Sabyr and Savchenko, {Sergey S.} and Stahlin, {Ryan W.} and Yulia Troitskaya and Troitsky, {Ivan S.} and Saiyang Zhang",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "10",
doi = "10.3847/1538-4357/ab0e7c",
language = "Английский",
volume = "875",
journal = "Astrophysical Journal",
issn = "0004-637X",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

The 2016 June Optical and Gamma-Ray Outburst and Optical Microvariability of the Blazar 3C 454.3. / Weaver, Zachary R.; Balonek, Thomas J.; Jorstad, Svetlana G.; Marscher, Alan P.; Larionov, Valeri M.; Smith, Paul S.; Boni, Samantha J.; Borman, George A.; Chapman, K. J.; Jenks, Leah G.; Kopatskaya, Evgenia N.; Larionova, Elena G.; Morozova, Darla A.; Nikiforova, Anna A.; Sabyr, Alina; Savchenko, Sergey S.; Stahlin, Ryan W.; Troitskaya, Yulia; Troitsky, Ivan S.; Zhang, Saiyang.

В: Astrophysical Journal, Том 875, № 1, 15, 10.04.2019.

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

TY - JOUR

T1 - The 2016 June Optical and Gamma-Ray Outburst and Optical Microvariability of the Blazar 3C 454.3

AU - Weaver, Zachary R.

AU - Balonek, Thomas J.

AU - Jorstad, Svetlana G.

AU - Marscher, Alan P.

AU - Larionov, Valeri M.

AU - Smith, Paul S.

AU - Boni, Samantha J.

AU - Borman, George A.

AU - Chapman, K. J.

AU - Jenks, Leah G.

AU - Kopatskaya, Evgenia N.

AU - Larionova, Elena G.

AU - Morozova, Darla A.

AU - Nikiforova, Anna A.

AU - Sabyr, Alina

AU - Savchenko, Sergey S.

AU - Stahlin, Ryan W.

AU - Troitskaya, Yulia

AU - Troitsky, Ivan S.

AU - Zhang, Saiyang

PY - 2019/4/10

Y1 - 2019/4/10

N2 - The quasar 3C 454.3 underwent a uniquely structured multifrequency outburst in 2016 June. The blazar was observed in the optical R-band by several ground-based telescopes in photometric and polarimetric modes, at γ-ray frequencies by the Fermi Large Area Telescope, and at 43 GHz with the Very Long Baseline Array. The maximum flux density was observed on 2016 June 24 at both optical and γ-ray frequencies, reaching mJy and ph cm -2 s -1, respectively. The 2016 June outburst possessed a precipitous decay at both γ-ray and optical frequencies, with the source decreasing in flux density by a factor of 4 over a 24 hr period in the R-band. Intraday variability was observed throughout the outburst, with flux density changes between 1 and 5 mJy over the course of a night. The precipitous decay featured statistically significant quasiperiodic microvariability oscillations with an amplitude of ∼2%-3% about the mean trend and a characteristic period of 36 minutes. The optical degree of polarization jumped from ∼3% to nearly 20% during the outburst, while the position angle varied by ∼120°. A knot was ejected from the 43 GHz core on 2016 February 25, moving at an apparent speed . From the observed minimum timescale of variability and derived Doppler factor δ = 22.6, we find the size of the emission region r ≲ 2.6 × 10 15 cm. If the quasiperiodic microvariability oscillations are caused by periodic variations of the Doppler factor of emission from a turbulent vortex, we derive the rotational speed of the vortex to be ∼0.2c.

AB - The quasar 3C 454.3 underwent a uniquely structured multifrequency outburst in 2016 June. The blazar was observed in the optical R-band by several ground-based telescopes in photometric and polarimetric modes, at γ-ray frequencies by the Fermi Large Area Telescope, and at 43 GHz with the Very Long Baseline Array. The maximum flux density was observed on 2016 June 24 at both optical and γ-ray frequencies, reaching mJy and ph cm -2 s -1, respectively. The 2016 June outburst possessed a precipitous decay at both γ-ray and optical frequencies, with the source decreasing in flux density by a factor of 4 over a 24 hr period in the R-band. Intraday variability was observed throughout the outburst, with flux density changes between 1 and 5 mJy over the course of a night. The precipitous decay featured statistically significant quasiperiodic microvariability oscillations with an amplitude of ∼2%-3% about the mean trend and a characteristic period of 36 minutes. The optical degree of polarization jumped from ∼3% to nearly 20% during the outburst, while the position angle varied by ∼120°. A knot was ejected from the 43 GHz core on 2016 February 25, moving at an apparent speed . From the observed minimum timescale of variability and derived Doppler factor δ = 22.6, we find the size of the emission region r ≲ 2.6 × 10 15 cm. If the quasiperiodic microvariability oscillations are caused by periodic variations of the Doppler factor of emission from a turbulent vortex, we derive the rotational speed of the vortex to be ∼0.2c.

KW - galaxies: active

KW - galaxies: jets

KW - quasars: individual (3C 454.3)

KW - ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI

KW - SPACE-TELESCOPE OBSERVATIONS

KW - BL LACERTAE OBJECTS

KW - RADIO-SOURCES

KW - POLARIMETRIC OBSERVATIONS

KW - EXTRAGALACTIC SOURCES

KW - RELATIVISTIC JETS

KW - HIGH-FREQUENCIES

KW - POLARIZATION

KW - VARIABILITY

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85067312977&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/2016-june-optical-gammaray-outburst-optical-microvariability-blazar-3c-4543

U2 - 10.3847/1538-4357/ab0e7c

DO - 10.3847/1538-4357/ab0e7c

M3 - статья

VL - 875

JO - Astrophysical Journal

JF - Astrophysical Journal

SN - 0004-637X

IS - 1

M1 - 15

ER -