Substitutional V-Pd alloys for the membranes permeable to hydrogen: Hydrogen solubility at 150-400 C

V.N. Alimov, A.O. Busnyuk, M.E. Notkin, E.Yu. Peredistov, A.I. Livshits

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

25 Цитирования (Scopus)

Аннотация

The development of non-palladium membrane for separation of hydrogen from gas mixtures is one of critical challenges of hydrogen energy. Vanadium based materials are most promising for such membranes. The alloying of pure vanadium is crucially important for reduction of hydrogen solubility to an optimal value. Solution of hydrogen in substitutional V-xPd alloys (x = 5, 7.3, 9.7, 12.3, 18.8 at%) was investigated. The pressure-composition-isotherms were obtained in the range of pressure (10 – 106) Pa, temperature (150 – 400) С and concentration of hydrogen, H/M, from 4∙10-4 to 0.6. The alloying of vanadium with palladium was found to reduce the hydrogen solubility substantially greater than the alloying with other elements, e.g. by Ni and Cr. The hydrogen absorption in the V-Pd alloys obeyed Siverts’ law including the range of undiluted solution with hydrogen concentration H/M>0.1. The reduction in the hydrogen solubility due to the alloying of V with Pd was caused mainly by increase in the enthalpy of solution
Язык оригиналаанглийский
Страницы (с-по)19682-19690
Число страниц9
ЖурналInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Том39
Номер выпуска34
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 2014
Опубликовано для внешнего пользованияДа

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