Steric hindrances to the cycloaddition of (Z)-1-arylmethylidene-5,5-dimethyl-3-oxopyrazolidin-1-ium-2-ides to N-arylmaleimides

Y.B. Koptelov, D.O. Antuganov, A.P. Molchanov, R.R. Kostikov

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

Аннотация

© 2015 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.Sterically hindered cycloaddition of (Z)-1-arylmethylidene-5,5-dimethyl-3-oxopyrazolidin-1-ium-2-ides to 4-mono- and 2,6-disubstituted N-arylmaleimides requires prolonged heating (40-60 h) at ~150-155°C and yields mixtures of diastereoisomeric cycloadducts. The observed diastereoselectivity is determined by both electronic and steric interactions, depending on the nature and position of substituents in the azomethine imine and maleimide. The reactions of (Z)-1-(2,6-dichlorobenzylidene)-5,5-dimethyl-3-oxopyrazolidin-1-ium-2-ide with 4-substituted N-arylmaleimides give mainly the corresponding cis adducts as a result of preferential exo attack by the dipolarophile, whereas trans adducts predominate in the cycloaddition of (Z)-1-(4-X-benzylidene)-5,5-dimethyl-3-oxopyrazolidin-1-ium-2-ide and (Z)-1-(2,6-dichlorobenzylidene)-5,5-dimethyl-3-oxopyrazolidin- 1-ium-2-ide to 2,6-disubstituted N-arylmaleimides.
Язык оригиналаанглийский
Страницы (с-по)972-981
ЖурналRussian Journal of Organic Chemistry
Номер выпуска7
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 2015

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