Statistics of a parallel Poynting vector in the auroral zone as a function of altitude using Polar EFI and MFE data and Astrid-2 EMMA data

P Janhunen, A Olsson, NA Tsyganenko, CT Russell, H Laakso, LG Blomberg

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

5 Цитирования (Scopus)


We study the wave-related (AC) and static (DC) parallel Poynting vector (Poynting energy flux) as a function of altitude in auroral field lines using Polar EFI and MFE data. The study is statistical and contains 5 years of data in the altitude range 5000–30 000 km. We verify the low altitude part of the results by comparison with earlier Astrid-2 EMMA Poynting vector statistics at 1000 km altitude. The EMMA data are also used to statistically compensate the Polar results for the missing zonal electric field component. We compare the Poynting vector with previous statistical DMSP satellite data concerning the electron precipitation power. We find that the AC Poynting vector (Alfven wave related Poynting vector) is statistically not sufficient to power auroral electron precipitation, although it may, for Kp>2, power 25–50% of it. The statistical AC Poynting vector also has a stepwise transition at R=4RE, so that its amplitude increases with increasing altitude. We suggest that this corresponds to Alfven waves being in Landau resonance with electrons, so that wave-induced electron acceleration takes place at this altitude range, which was earlier named the Alfven Resonosphere (ARS). The DC Poynting vector is 3 times larger than electron precipitation and corresponds mainly to ionospheric Joule heating. In the morning sector (02:00–06:00 MLT) we find that the DC Poynting vector has a nontrivial altitude profile such that it decreases by a factor of 2 when moving upward from 3 to 4RE radial distance. In other nightside MLT sectors the altitude profile is more uniform. The morning sector nontrivial altitude profile may be due to divergence of the perpendicular Poynting vector field at R=3−4RE.
Язык оригиналаанглийский
Страницы (с-по)1797-1806
Число страниц10
ЖурналAnnales Geophysicae
Номер выпуска5
СостояниеОпубликовано - 2005
Опубликовано для внешнего пользованияДа

Предметные области Scopus

  • Физика и астрономия (все)

Ключевые слова

  • auroral phenomena
  • magnetosphere
  • electron beam