Novel CoO-Li2O-B2O3 and CoO-GeO2-Li2O-B2O3 flake-like glass particles for battery applications are produced by an innovative technique: Glasses from melt quenching are processed into micron-sized glass flakes in a stirred media mill. Processing under well-controlled conditions yields flake-like particles with high aspect ratios which are suitable for anodes in Lithium-ion batteries. Electrochemical characterization by cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, galvanostatic charge/discharge cycles and rate capability measurements indicates that the flakes show superior electrochemical properties compared to the bulk glass counterparts with a stable specific capacity of 620 mAh g−1 after 100 cycles. The majority of charge is stored by Li+ ion diffusion inside the material and impedance spectroscopy shows enhanced lithium ion diffusion capabilities of the flakes. The proposed fabrication process is performed under ambient conditions and is simple, cost-efficient, fully scalable and can be easily transferred to other glass compositions with electrochemically active metal oxides.
Предметные области Scopus
- Химическая технология (все)