Proton stopping in a hydrodinamic model of pA collisions at SPS and NICA energies: LXX International conference "NUCLEUS – 2020. Nuclear physics and elementary particle physics. Nuclear physics technologies"

Результат исследований: Публикации в книгах, отчётах, сборниках, трудах конференцийиная часть книжной публикациинаучнаярецензирование

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Аннотация

We study the phenomenon of high energy proton stopping in the nuclear mattr and suggest the effctive model that describes this effct. To compare our model with the data of relatively low energy experiment [1] we use the correlation between mean multiplicity and number of so-called grey nucleons - particles, which are knocked out of the nucleus by the incoming proton. Proton decelerates in the nuclear mattr transferring its energy to the production of new particles in inelastic interactions. We introduce the stopping force from hydrodynamics to explain this deceleration in an effctive way. Th idea is to treat target nuclei as a liquid drop with given internal energy density and volume. As soon as the projectile-proton gets into the target-nuclei the stopping
force begins to act on it. With this force we obtain a diffrential equation that describes relativistic motion of a proton in a nucleus. Settng the fial speed - the speed aftr which binary collisions do not contribute to multiplicity - we calculate the length of the proton’s path in the nucleus. Ths path length cuts out a region, in the nucleus to which we apply the Glauber-like approach to obtain
number of binary collisions. (Note that in a pure Glauber approach, the integration extends to the entire space.) Th method of calculating dependency of mean multiplicity on impact parameter is also suggested. As an input in this model we use empirical dependency of mean multiplicity on energy in pp-collisions [2] and values of σinelNN [3].
Results on the correlation between mean multiplicity and a number of grey nucleons are compared in this work to the available experimental data on centrality dependence of stopping and π − production in p-Au collisions at a beam momentum of 18 GeV/c [1]. Th linear dependence of the correlation between mean multiplicity and grey nucleons predicted by the model is well in line with the experimental data obtained at low numbers of grey nucleons. At the same time, it is shown that the limited acceptance of pion registration can produce a strong deviation from the linearity as observed in the experiment with slow protons at large values of pion multiplicity and number of
grey nucleons.
Acknowledgments: the reported study was supported by RFBR, research project No. 18-02-40097

References:
1. I. Chemakin et al., Phys. Rev. C 60, 024902 (1999).
2. W. Thme ,et al.], Nuclear Physics B 129, 365 (1977).
3. P.A. Zyla et al. (Particle Data Group), Prog. Thor. Exp. Phys. 2020(8), 083C01 (2020).
Язык оригиналаанглийский
Название основной публикацииLXX International conference “NUCLEUS–2020. Nuclear physics and elementary particle physics. Nuclear physics technologies”, Saint Petersburg, 11-17 October 2020
Подзаголовок основной публикацииBook of abstracts
Место публикацииSPb.
Страницы272-273
Число страниц1
СостояниеОпубликовано - 2020
СобытиеLXX International conference “NUCLEUS–2020" : Nuclear physics and elementary particle physics. Nuclear physics technologies - Saint Petersburg, Российская Федерация
Продолжительность: 12 окт 202017 окт 2020

конференция

конференцияLXX International conference “NUCLEUS–2020"
СтранаРоссийская Федерация
ГородSaint Petersburg
Период12/10/2017/10/20

Предметные области Scopus

  • Физика и астрономия (все)

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