Титулованная знать и династия в раннестюартовской Англии

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатьярецензирование

Аннотация

Anyone seeking to write a history of Early Stuart nobility as something more than the combined histories of the English, Scottish and Irish orders must begin with accepting an idea of crucial change in attitudes of both the monarchy and what could be called "political class" (or aristocracy) in early modern society. The Tudors and particularly the Early Stuarts relied on newly created nobility while looking at the way the monarchy could operate with the complexity of governing a composite kingdom. So far as this change went, there was no challenge to royal policy among old nobility if they kept their offices in central and local executive, shared seats in the Lords or obtained new titles, honors and land grants. Both subgroups of the nobility, closely tied together under the crown, benefited at its expense, should be considered as not an accidental but a logically defined composition with a very strong dynastic dimension. As a political and institutional agency they formed a collective body which was used by the monarchy for balancing common attitudes and demands of the rest of the nobility with its own ones. These attitudes and demands, in some respects general for the monarchy itself, were specified according to the score of a particular dynasty. The Tudors much more than the Stuarts were interested in keeping unbroken balance between the newly created part of the nobility and those who received their dignities before the dynasty succeeded to the English throne. Common for both English and Irish orders, the Tudor policy of balance was gradually destroyed under the Stuarts who adopted the Scottish order with its preferment of dynastic nobility as a model for all three known divisions of the British nobility.

Переведенное названиеPeerage and Dynasty in Early Stuart England
Язык оригиналарусский
Страницы (с-по)78-85
ЖурналСРЕДНИЕ ВЕКА
Том69
Номер выпуска1
СостояниеОпубликовано - 2008

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