Natrophosphate, arctic mineral and nuclear waste phase: Structure refinements and chemical variability

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатьярецензирование

Аннотация

The crystal structures of natural (Mt. Koashva, Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russian Arctic) and synthetic (obtained from an aqueous solution of sodium phosphate and sodium fluoride (1:1) by evaporation at room temperature (RT)) natrophosphate, Na7(PO4)2F·19H2O, have been investigated using single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Natrophosphate and its synthetic analogue are cubic, Fd-3c, a = 27.6942(3) Å (natrophosphate at RT), a = 27.6241(4) Å (natrophosphate at 100 K), a = 28.1150(12) Å (synthetic analogue at RT), a = 27.9777(7) Å (synthetic analogue at 100 K). The crystal structure is based upon the super-octahedral [Na6(H2O)18F]5+ polycationic complexes consisting of six edge-linked Na6(OH2)5F octahedra sharing one common fluorine vertex. The A site is statistically occupied by Na and H2O with the prevalence of H2O with the refined occupancy factors O:Na equal to 0.53:0.47 for natrophosphate and 0.75:0.25 for its synthetic analogue. The co-ordination of the A site in synthetic natrophosphate is enlarged compared to the natural sample, which agrees well with its higher occupancy by H2O molecules. The general formula of natrophos-phates can be written as Na6+xHxF(PO4)2·(19 + x)H2O, where x = 0–1. The chemical variability of natrophosphate allows to explain the discrepancies in its solubility reported by different authors. The information-based parameters of structural complexity are equal to 3.713 bit/atom and 2109.177 bit/cell that allows to classify natrophosphate as a structurally very complex mineral.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Номер статьи186
Страницы (с-по)186
Число страниц11
ЖурналMinerals
Том11
Номер выпуска2
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 11 фев 2021

Предметные области Scopus

  • Геотехническая инженерия и инженерная геология
  • Геология

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