The MIS3 paleosol units comprise a prominent element of the loess-paleosol sequences throughout the Eurasian Loess Belt. To the north of the loess regions, the findings of MIS3 paleosols were few: it was supposed that geomorphic processes related to the extensive ice cover of the Last Glacial Maximum destroyed the earlier soil mantle. Recently, much smaller extent of continental ice in the east of Northern Europe and ice-free West Siberian Plain during MIS2 has been hypothesized, supposing preservation of MIS3 and earlier paleopedological records. We discovered in the center-north of European Russia (Upper Volga basin) and Western Siberia (Middle Ob basin), MIS3 paleosols within the Late Pleistocene alluvial and lacustrine sequences and correlated the studied profiles on the basis of macro- and micromorphological characteristics and radiocarbon datings of the paleosol organic materials. Paleosols are represented by hydromorphic profiles with Histic horizons and gleyic color pattern. Conspicuously, they are developed in the well drained geomorphic positions, where modern soils are non-gleyic. We suppose that the presence of permafrost was responsible for water logging and generation of reductomorphic soil environment. We further hypothesize a northern zone of MIS3 soil mantle, comprised of Histic and Reductaquic Cryosols different from synchronous Cambisols and Chernozems formed within loess sequences to the south.
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- Процессы поверхности земли