Abstract: ZnO together with TiO2 is a main photocatalyst for various redox reactions to convert light energy into a chemical one and to purify the environment. Intrinsic surface defects in ZnO—the vacancies in anionic and cationic sublattices (F-type and V-type centers)—allow creation of long-lived (up to 103 s) photocatalysis centers and, therefore, tenfold increase in quantum yield of reactions. Slow surface states—the photocatalysis centers—appear via diffusion of electrons and holes generated during the interband transitions in the bulk of a photoactivated sample. The transfer efficiency, however, decreases sharply because of recombination of charge carriers and losses during overcoming the surface Schottky barrier. Neutral energy carriers—excitons—were used in this work to decrease these losses during the energy transfer to a surface. High exciton binding energy in ZnO (60 meV) allows it to move at room temperature without decay. The exciton energy loss for radiation is effectively decreased in our experiments via formation of a 2D surface structure. The results confirm high efficiency of exciton channel to form surface long-lived photocatalysis F-centers and V‑centers during the photoadsorption and photodesorption processes of oxygen, which simulate full cycle of a redox photocatalytic reaction.
Предметные области Scopus
- Электроника, оптика и магнитные материалы
- Физика конденсатов