Lateglacial and Holocene palaeoenvironments on Bolshevik Island (Severnaya Zemlya), Russian High Arctic

Anna A. Cherezova, Grigory B. Fedorov, Elena A. Raschke, Janet Rethemeyer, Dmitry Y. Bolshiyanov, Ilya S. Yozhikov, Igor G. Spiridonov, Evgenia A. Bazhenova, Vladimir T. Sokolov, Martin Melles

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

Аннотация

The late Quaternary climatic and environmental history of the Severnaya Zemlya Archipelago in the Russian High Arctic has been the focus of many palaeoenvironmental studies since the 1970s. However, the existing data are highly fragmentary and sometimes contradictory. New information concerning the archipelago’s environmental history was derived from a 2.46-m-long sediment core from Lake Tvyordoe, located in the northwestern part of Bolshevik Island. The core was investigated by a multi-proxy approach that comprises radiocarbon dating as well as lithological, granulometrical, palynological and geochemical analyses. The results provide new insights into the vegetation history as well as changes in lake level, lake-ice cover, andwater and sediment input since the Last GlacialMaximum (LGM).
Fine-grained, laminated sediments at the core base, which were dated to c. 24.2 cal. ka BP, suggest lacustrine sedimentation under a permanent ice cover with low meltwater supply. This, along with a lack of glacial and glaciallacustrine deposits, supports earlier assumptions that Bolshevik Islandwas not covered by the Barents-Kara Ice Sheet during the LGM. Furthermore, even the Mushketov Ice Cap, the closest ice mass to Lake Tvyordoe, did not expand from the denudation plateau to thelake.During the terminal Pleistocene, startingc. 14.5 cal. kaBP, warmer andwetter climate conditions resulted in higher sediment loads. The most favourable environmental conditions prevailed on
Bolshevik Island throughout the Early and Middle Holocene (c. 11.7–6.5 cal. ka BP), when low shrub tundra associations with dwarf birch, willow and alder dominated the vegetation. After c. 10.0 cal. ka BP, a shift to climate drying occurred, which, after 6.5 cal. ka BP, was accompanied by a climate cooling. The Late Holocene climate, according to pollen data (suggesting sparse lichen–moss–grass cover) and relatively low total organic carbon (TOC) contents, was rather similar to that during the Lateglacial.
Язык оригиналаанглийский
ЖурналBoreas
Ранняя дата в режиме онлайн24 янв 2020
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 2020

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Cherezova, A. A., Fedorov, G. B., Raschke, E. A., Rethemeyer, J., Bolshiyanov, D. Y., Yozhikov, I. S., ... Melles, M. (2020). Lateglacial and Holocene palaeoenvironments on Bolshevik Island (Severnaya Zemlya), Russian High Arctic. Boreas. https://doi.org/doi.org/10.1111/bor.12428.