Key words or key pictures: what is better for text comprehension?

E. Grebennikova , T. Petrova

Результат исследований: Публикации в книгах, отчётах, сборниках, трудах конференцийиная часть книжной публикации

Аннотация

The aim of the study was to compare the comprehension of a text which was presented to a reader with the key-word set matched to this text and processing of the same document with pictures illustrating the text content. 34 learners of Russian as a foreign language balanced by age, gender, and education level participated in the experiment. Each participant read three different texts, and had to retell them and answer 9 questions after each text: 6 questions concerning the local content of the text, 2 questions concerning the general analysis and comprehension of the text, 1 question for estimating whether the text was difficult or easy to read and comprehend. In the preliminary experiment, we revealed a “true” key-word set for each stimulus (https://advego.com/text/seo/). According to [Murzin, Shtern, 1991], a key-word set is a minimum content of a text. The comparison of the "true" key-word set with an individual set can reveal the level of text comprehension. Our findings demonstrated significant differences in the processing of the texts matched with the different types of support. Presentation of the key-word set helps to make the retellings longer, while a set of pictures matched to the verbal component leads to the subjective difficulty of the text. There was no significant difference in answering after-the-text questions. The results support the assumption of the Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning (Mayer, 2009) that integration of verbal and pictural information with each other (a polycode text) helps the learners to understand and memorize the text.
Язык оригиналаанглийский
Название основной публикацииAbstracts of The Fifth Saint Petersburg Winter Workshop on Experimental Studies of Speech and Language (Night Whites 2019)
РедакторыТ.В. Черниговская, Т.Е. Петрова, Н.А. Слюсарь
Место публикацииСПБ.
Страницы51
СостояниеОпубликовано - 16 дек 2019
СобытиеThe Fifth Saint Petersburg Winter Workshop on Experimental Studies of Speech and Language (Night Whites 2019) - St. Petersburg, Российская Федерация
Продолжительность: 16 дек 201917 дек 2019

Конференция

КонференцияThe Fifth Saint Petersburg Winter Workshop on Experimental Studies of Speech and Language (Night Whites 2019)
Сокращенный заголовокNight Whites 2019
СтранаРоссийская Федерация
ГородSt. Petersburg
Период16/12/1917/12/19

Предметные области Scopus

  • Гуманитарные науки и искусство (все)

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    Выступление с постерным докладом "Key words or key pictures: what is better for text comprehension?"

    Евгения Витальевна Гребенникова (Докладчик) & Татьяна Евгеньевна Петрова (Докладчик)

    16 дек 2019

    Деятельность: выступлениевыступление с устной презентацией

    Цитировать

    Grebennikova , E., & Petrova , T. (2019). Key words or key pictures: what is better for text comprehension? В Т. В. Черниговская, Т. Е. Петрова, & Н. А. Слюсарь (Ред.), Abstracts of The Fifth Saint Petersburg Winter Workshop on Experimental Studies of Speech and Language (Night Whites 2019) (стр. 51). https://nightwhites2019.files.wordpress.com/2019/12/nw_abstracts_alph.order_-1.pdf