Interactions between aluminium, iron and silicon in Cucumber sativus L. grown under acidic conditions

N.P. Bityutskii, K.L. Yakkonen, A.I. Petrova, A.L. Shavarda

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

6 Цитирования (Scopus)

Выдержка

Aluminium (Al) is one of the major stressors for plants in acidic soils, negatively affecting plant growth and nutrient balances. Significant efforts have been undertaken to understand mechanisms of Al tolerance in plants. However, little is known of the relevance of iron (Fe) and silicon (Si) nutrition under Al stress conditions. The objectives of this study were to determine whether effects induced by Fe and Si are of importance for limitation of Al moving via xylem in plants (Cucumis sativus L.). Cucumber plants (cv. Phoenix and Solovei) were grown (i) hydroponically in a complete nutrient solution at pH 4.0, either with (+ Fe) or in Fe-free (-Fe) nutrient solution, without (-Si) or with (+ Si) supply of Si, without (-Al) or with (+ Al) exposure of Al and (ii) in soil. Xylem sap concentrations of Al, Fe and Si were measured. To characterise the pattern of xylem sap transport of Al and Fe, metabolomic changes of root tissues were investigated. Although the growth of cucumber plants was not significantly affected by Al3+ (Al-tolerant), Al exposure decreased xylem sap Fe (+ Fe plants) and increased ferric chelate reductase (FC-R) activity of roots (-Fe plants). On the other hand, Fe supply greatly mitigated the Al-induced increase in xylem sap Al. The ameliorative effect of Fe depended on plant genotypes and was more pronounced in the more Fe-efficient cultivar Phoenix, which presented the highest level of xylem sap Fe. Xylem sap Fe was positively correlated with root serine, succinic and fumaric acids, suggesting that a probable underlying mechanism of Al tolerance might involve the chelation of Fe by biosynthesis of these chelating compounds. The Si-modulated root succinate increase appears to be of great importance for facilitating long-distance transport of Fe, thereby hindering Al transport from roots to shoots. The results highlight for the first time the importance of both Fe and Si supply in plant exclusion of Al under acidic conditions.

Язык оригиналаАнглийский
Страницы (с-по)100-108
Число страниц9
ЖурналJournal of Plant Physiology
Том218
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - ноя 2017

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title = "Interactions between aluminium, iron and silicon in Cucumber sativus L. grown under acidic conditions",
abstract = "Aluminium (Al) is one of the major stressors for plants in acidic soils, negatively affecting plant growth and nutrient balances. Significant efforts have been undertaken to understand mechanisms of Al tolerance in plants. However, little is known of the relevance of iron (Fe) and silicon (Si) nutrition under Al stress conditions. The objectives of this study were to determine whether effects induced by Fe and Si are of importance for limitation of Al moving via xylem in plants (Cucumis sativus L.). Cucumber plants (cv. Phoenix and Solovei) were grown (i) hydroponically in a complete nutrient solution at pH 4.0, either with (+ Fe) or in Fe-free (-Fe) nutrient solution, without (-Si) or with (+ Si) supply of Si, without (-Al) or with (+ Al) exposure of Al and (ii) in soil. Xylem sap concentrations of Al, Fe and Si were measured. To characterise the pattern of xylem sap transport of Al and Fe, metabolomic changes of root tissues were investigated. Although the growth of cucumber plants was not significantly affected by Al3+ (Al-tolerant), Al exposure decreased xylem sap Fe (+ Fe plants) and increased ferric chelate reductase (FC-R) activity of roots (-Fe plants). On the other hand, Fe supply greatly mitigated the Al-induced increase in xylem sap Al. The ameliorative effect of Fe depended on plant genotypes and was more pronounced in the more Fe-efficient cultivar Phoenix, which presented the highest level of xylem sap Fe. Xylem sap Fe was positively correlated with root serine, succinic and fumaric acids, suggesting that a probable underlying mechanism of Al tolerance might involve the chelation of Fe by biosynthesis of these chelating compounds. The Si-modulated root succinate increase appears to be of great importance for facilitating long-distance transport of Fe, thereby hindering Al transport from roots to shoots. The results highlight for the first time the importance of both Fe and Si supply in plant exclusion of Al under acidic conditions.",
keywords = "Acidic conditions, Aluminium, Cucumis sativus, Interactions, Iron, Silicon, PLANTA MECHANISM, TOLERANCE, TOXICITY, AMELIORATION, ACCUMULATION, DEFICIENCY, EXUDATION, STRESS, ROOTS, CELLS",
author = "N.P. Bityutskii and K.L. Yakkonen and A.I. Petrova and A.L. Shavarda",
year = "2017",
month = "11",
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language = "Английский",
volume = "218",
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journal = "Journal of Plant Physiology",
issn = "0176-1617",
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Interactions between aluminium, iron and silicon in Cucumber sativus L. grown under acidic conditions. / Bityutskii, N.P.; Yakkonen, K.L.; Petrova, A.I.; Shavarda, A.L.

В: Journal of Plant Physiology, Том 218, 11.2017, стр. 100-108.

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

TY - JOUR

T1 - Interactions between aluminium, iron and silicon in Cucumber sativus L. grown under acidic conditions

AU - Bityutskii, N.P.

AU - Yakkonen, K.L.

AU - Petrova, A.I.

AU - Shavarda, A.L.

PY - 2017/11

Y1 - 2017/11

N2 - Aluminium (Al) is one of the major stressors for plants in acidic soils, negatively affecting plant growth and nutrient balances. Significant efforts have been undertaken to understand mechanisms of Al tolerance in plants. However, little is known of the relevance of iron (Fe) and silicon (Si) nutrition under Al stress conditions. The objectives of this study were to determine whether effects induced by Fe and Si are of importance for limitation of Al moving via xylem in plants (Cucumis sativus L.). Cucumber plants (cv. Phoenix and Solovei) were grown (i) hydroponically in a complete nutrient solution at pH 4.0, either with (+ Fe) or in Fe-free (-Fe) nutrient solution, without (-Si) or with (+ Si) supply of Si, without (-Al) or with (+ Al) exposure of Al and (ii) in soil. Xylem sap concentrations of Al, Fe and Si were measured. To characterise the pattern of xylem sap transport of Al and Fe, metabolomic changes of root tissues were investigated. Although the growth of cucumber plants was not significantly affected by Al3+ (Al-tolerant), Al exposure decreased xylem sap Fe (+ Fe plants) and increased ferric chelate reductase (FC-R) activity of roots (-Fe plants). On the other hand, Fe supply greatly mitigated the Al-induced increase in xylem sap Al. The ameliorative effect of Fe depended on plant genotypes and was more pronounced in the more Fe-efficient cultivar Phoenix, which presented the highest level of xylem sap Fe. Xylem sap Fe was positively correlated with root serine, succinic and fumaric acids, suggesting that a probable underlying mechanism of Al tolerance might involve the chelation of Fe by biosynthesis of these chelating compounds. The Si-modulated root succinate increase appears to be of great importance for facilitating long-distance transport of Fe, thereby hindering Al transport from roots to shoots. The results highlight for the first time the importance of both Fe and Si supply in plant exclusion of Al under acidic conditions.

AB - Aluminium (Al) is one of the major stressors for plants in acidic soils, negatively affecting plant growth and nutrient balances. Significant efforts have been undertaken to understand mechanisms of Al tolerance in plants. However, little is known of the relevance of iron (Fe) and silicon (Si) nutrition under Al stress conditions. The objectives of this study were to determine whether effects induced by Fe and Si are of importance for limitation of Al moving via xylem in plants (Cucumis sativus L.). Cucumber plants (cv. Phoenix and Solovei) were grown (i) hydroponically in a complete nutrient solution at pH 4.0, either with (+ Fe) or in Fe-free (-Fe) nutrient solution, without (-Si) or with (+ Si) supply of Si, without (-Al) or with (+ Al) exposure of Al and (ii) in soil. Xylem sap concentrations of Al, Fe and Si were measured. To characterise the pattern of xylem sap transport of Al and Fe, metabolomic changes of root tissues were investigated. Although the growth of cucumber plants was not significantly affected by Al3+ (Al-tolerant), Al exposure decreased xylem sap Fe (+ Fe plants) and increased ferric chelate reductase (FC-R) activity of roots (-Fe plants). On the other hand, Fe supply greatly mitigated the Al-induced increase in xylem sap Al. The ameliorative effect of Fe depended on plant genotypes and was more pronounced in the more Fe-efficient cultivar Phoenix, which presented the highest level of xylem sap Fe. Xylem sap Fe was positively correlated with root serine, succinic and fumaric acids, suggesting that a probable underlying mechanism of Al tolerance might involve the chelation of Fe by biosynthesis of these chelating compounds. The Si-modulated root succinate increase appears to be of great importance for facilitating long-distance transport of Fe, thereby hindering Al transport from roots to shoots. The results highlight for the first time the importance of both Fe and Si supply in plant exclusion of Al under acidic conditions.

KW - Acidic conditions

KW - Aluminium

KW - Cucumis sativus

KW - Interactions

KW - Iron

KW - Silicon

KW - PLANTA MECHANISM

KW - TOLERANCE

KW - TOXICITY

KW - AMELIORATION

KW - ACCUMULATION

KW - DEFICIENCY

KW - EXUDATION

KW - STRESS

KW - ROOTS

KW - CELLS

U2 - 10.1016/j.jplph.2017.08.003

DO - 10.1016/j.jplph.2017.08.003

M3 - статья

VL - 218

SP - 100

EP - 108

JO - Journal of Plant Physiology

JF - Journal of Plant Physiology

SN - 0176-1617

ER -