Insertion of metal carbenes into the anilinic N–H bond of unprotected aminobenzenesulfonamides delivers low nanomolar inhibitors of human carbonic anhydrase IX and XII isoforms

Tatiana Sharonova, Polina Paramonova, Stanislav Kalinin, Alexander Bunev, Rovshan Gasanov, Alessio Nocentini, Vladimir Sharoyko, Tatiana B. Tennikova, Dmitry Dar'in, Claudiu T. Supuran, Mikhail Krasavin

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатьярецензирование

Аннотация

Herein we report the synthesis of a set of thirty-four primary sulfonamides generated via formal N–H-insertion of metal carbenes into anilinic amino group of sulfanilamide and its meta-substituted analog. Obtained compounds were tested in vitro as inhibitors of four physiologically significant isoforms of the metalloenzyme human carbonic anhydrase (hCA, EC 4.2.1.1). Many of the synthesized sulfonamides displayed low nanomolar Ki values against therapeutically relevant hCA II, IX, and XII, whereas they did not potently inhibit hCA I. Provided the promising activity profiles of the substances towards tumor-associated hCA IX and XII isozymes, single-concentration MTT test was performed for the entire set. Disappointingly, most of the discovered hCA inhibitors did not significantly suppress the growth of cancer cells either in normoxia or CoCl2 induced hypoxic conditions. The only two compounds exerting profound antiproliferative effect turned out to be modest hCA inhibitors. Their out of the range activity in cells is likely attributive to the presence of Michael acceptor substructure which can potentially act either through the inhibition of Thioredoxin reductases (TrxRs, EC 1.8.1.9) or nonspecific covalent binding to cell proteins.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Номер статьи113352
ЖурналEuropean Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Том218
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 5 июн 2021

Предметные области Scopus

  • Фармакология
  • Поиск новых лекарств
  • Органическая химия

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