Expression and inheritance of the sy18 mutation causing impairment of synapsis homology were studied. It was established that the abnormal phenotype is determined by a recessive allele of the sy18 gene. Univalents and multivalents are observed in homozygotes for this mutant allele. According to the electron microscopic analysis of synaptonemal complexes in mutants, homologous synapsis occurs together with nonhomologous synapsis. The sy18 gene was found to have no allelism with asynaptic genes sy1 and sy9 and with genes sy10 and sy19 causing, like sy18, disturbances in synapsis homology.
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