Genome sequence databases: Sequencing and assembly

Результат исследований: Публикации в книгах, отчётах, сборниках, трудах конференцийстатья в энциклопедии, словаре, справочникенаучнаярецензирование


From the date its role in heredity was discovered, DNA has been generating interest among scientists from different fields of knowledge: physicists have studied the three-dimensional structure of the DNA molecule, biologists tried to decode the secrets of life hidden within these long molecules, and technologists invent and improve methods of DNA analysis. The analysis of the nucleotide sequence of DNA occupies a special place among the methods developed. Thanks to the variety of sequencing technologies available, the process of decoding the sequence of genomic DNA (or whole genome sequencing) has become robust and inexpensive. Meanwhile the assembly of whole genome sequences remains a challenging task. In addition to the need to assemble millions of DNA fragments of different length (from 35 bp (Solexa) to 800 bp (Sanger) and 10 000 bp (PacBio)), great interest in analysis of microbial communities (metagenomes) of different complexities inhabiting seas, marshes and even the human gut raises new problems and pushes some new requirements for sequence assembly tools to the forefront. The genome assembly process can be divided into two steps: draft assembly and assembly improvement (finishing). Despite the fact that automatically performed assembly (or draft assembly) is capable of covering up to 99.5% of the genome, very often, it still contains incorrectly assembled reads. The error rate of the consensus sequence produced at this stage is about 1/10 000 bp. A finished genome represents the genome assembly of much higher accuracy (with no gaps or incorrectly assembled areas) and quality (~ 1 error/100 000 bp or better), validated through a number of computer and laboratory experiments.
Язык оригиналарусский
Название основной публикацииSequence Databases: Sequencing and Assembly.
Подзаголовок основной публикацииReference Module in Biomedical Sciences Encyclopedia of Microbiology
Число страниц19
ИзданиеFourth Edition
ISBN (печатное издание)9780128117378
СостояниеОпубликовано - 1 янв 2019

Серия публикаций

НазваниеEncyclopedia of Microbiology

Ключевые слова

  • Algorithm
  • Contig
  • DNA sequencing
  • Genome finishing
  • Misassembly
  • Next generation sequencing
  • Read
  • Repeat
  • Scaffold
  • Whole-genome shotgun assembly