Long-length ultrafine-grained (UFG) Ti rods are produced by equal-channel angular pressing via the conform scheme (ECAP-C) at 200 °C, which is followed by drawing at 200 °C. The evolution of microstructure, macrotexture, and mechanical properties (yield strength, ultimate tensile strength, failure stress, uniform elongation, elongation to failure) of pure Ti during this thermo-mechanical processing is studied. Special attention is also paid to the effect of microstructure on the mechanical behavior of the material after macrolocalization of plastic flow. The number of ECAP-C passes varies in the range of 1-10. The microstructure is more refined with increasing number of ECAP-C passes. Formation of homogeneous microstructure with a grain/subgrain size of 200. nm and its saturation after 6 ECAP-C passes are observed. Strength properties increase with increasing number of ECAP passes and saturate after 6 ECAP-C passes to a yield strength of 973. MPa, an ultimate tensile strength of 1035. MPa, and a true failure stress of 1400. MPa (from 625, 750, and 1150. MPa in the as-received condition). The true strain at failure failure decreases after ECAP-C processing. The reduction of area and true strain to failure values do not decrease after ECAP-C processing. The sample after 6 ECAP-C passes is subjected to drawing at 200-C resulting in reduction of a grain/subgrain size to 150. nm, formation of (10. 1-0) fiber texture with respect to the rod axis, and further increase of the yield strength up to 1190. MPa, the ultimate tensile strength up to 1230. MPa and the true failure stress up to 1600. MPa. It is demonstrated that UFG CP Ti has low resistance to macrolocalization of plastic deformation and high resistance to crack formation after necking.
|Журнал||Materials Science & Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing|
|Состояние||Опубликовано - 1 фев 2013|
Предметные области Scopus
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