Demographic and economic disparities among Arctic regions, Polar Geography

Константин Борисович Клоков, Сергей Андреевич Хрущев, Jennifer I. Schmidt,, Margrethe Aanese, Vera H. Hausner

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

Выдержка

We use demographic and economic indicators to analyze spatial differences and temporal
trends across 18 regions surrounding the Arctic Ocean. Multifactor and cluster analysis
were used on 10 indicators reflecting income, employment and demography from 1995
to 2008. The main difference is between regions with high population densities, low
natural growth rate, and low unemployment (Russia, Norway and Iceland) and regions
with high unemployment rate and high natural growth rate (mainly North American
regions). However, once those parameters were accounted for sub-regional differences
start to emerge. Variation among the regions was a result of national policies and
regional differences such as access and presence of natural resources (i.e. oil, gas,
mining, etc.). We found only weak temporal trends, but regions with resource
extraction show some signs of higher volatility. Overall, the Arctic has experienced
out-migration with only Iceland and two regions in Canada experiencing in-migration.
Язык оригиналаанглийский
ЖурналPolar Geography
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 2015

Цитировать

Клоков, Константин Борисович ; Хрущев, Сергей Андреевич ; Schmidt, Jennifer I. ; Aanese, Margrethe ; Hausner, Vera H. . / Demographic and economic disparities among Arctic regions, Polar Geography. В: Polar Geography. 2015.
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abstract = "We use demographic and economic indicators to analyze spatial differences and temporaltrends across 18 regions surrounding the Arctic Ocean. Multifactor and cluster analysiswere used on 10 indicators reflecting income, employment and demography from 1995to 2008. The main difference is between regions with high population densities, lownatural growth rate, and low unemployment (Russia, Norway and Iceland) and regionswith high unemployment rate and high natural growth rate (mainly North Americanregions). However, once those parameters were accounted for sub-regional differencesstart to emerge. Variation among the regions was a result of national policies andregional differences such as access and presence of natural resources (i.e. oil, gas,mining, etc.). We found only weak temporal trends, but regions with resourceextraction show some signs of higher volatility. Overall, the Arctic has experiencedout-migration with only Iceland and two regions in Canada experiencing in-migration.",
author = "Клоков, {Константин Борисович} and Хрущев, {Сергей Андреевич} and Schmidt,, {Jennifer I.} and Margrethe Aanese and Hausner, {Vera H.}",
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Demographic and economic disparities among Arctic regions, Polar Geography. / Клоков, Константин Борисович; Хрущев, Сергей Андреевич; Schmidt, Jennifer I. ; Aanese, Margrethe; Hausner, Vera H. .

В: Polar Geography, 2015.

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

TY - JOUR

T1 - Demographic and economic disparities among Arctic regions, Polar Geography

AU - Клоков, Константин Борисович

AU - Хрущев, Сергей Андреевич

AU - Schmidt,, Jennifer I.

AU - Aanese, Margrethe

AU - Hausner, Vera H.

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