Decisions of Russian constitutional court: Lexical complexity analysis in shallow diachrony

Результат исследований: Публикации в книгах, отчётах, сборниках, трудах конференцийстатья в сборнике материалов конференциинаучнаярецензирование

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Аннотация

The paper is aimed at studying the texts of Russian Constitutional Court decisions, issued from 1992 to 2018. We analyzed the corpus, consisting of 584 decisions or 3,426,747 tokens (incl. punctuation marks) and tested the hypothesis about increasing lexical complexity of the documents. Using the R package stylo and MFW statistics, we got a picture that reflects the differences of the texts by years. The results of cluster analysis show that the texts of the 90s and 2000s are combined into the first large cluster. The second large cluster includes the texts of the 2010s. Using the R package quanteda, we obtained the values of 11 lexical diversity measures. We chose the index K (Yule’s K) as a basic measure, relatively more reliable and independent of the text length, and then interpreted the values of this measure. In general, the value of K decreases over the years, except for the texts of 2006, in which there is a noticeable increase in the index value, and the texts of 1993, in which the outlier is observed. The calculation hapax proportion shows a picture of a gradual decrease in the share of hapaxes. If we apply the traditional approach to the interpretation of TTR values and derived metrics, we can conclude that, as the lexical diversity decreases and the proportion of hapaxes decreases, the texts become easier to read.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Название основной публикацииProceedings of the International Conference "Internet and Modern Society" (IMS-2020), St. Petersburg, Russia 17-20 June 2020
РедакторыR.V. Bolgov, A. V. Chugunov, A. E. Voiskounsky
ИздательRWTH Aahen University
Страницы61-74
Число страниц14
СостояниеОпубликовано - 2021
Событие2020 International Conference "Internet and Modern Society", IMS 2020 - Virtual, St. Petersburg, Российская Федерация
Продолжительность: 17 июн 202020 июн 2020

Серия публикаций

НазваниеCEUR Workshop Proceedings
ИздательRWTH Aahen University
Том2813
ISSN (печатное издание)1613-0073

конференция

конференция2020 International Conference "Internet and Modern Society", IMS 2020
СтранаРоссийская Федерация
ГородVirtual, St. Petersburg
Период17/06/2020/06/20

Предметные области Scopus

  • Компьютерные науки (все)

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