Abandoned agricultural soils from the central part of the Yamal region of Russia: Morphology, diversity, and chemical properties

Evgeny Abakumov, Evgeniya Morgun, Alexandr Pechkin, Vyacheslav Polyakov

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

Аннотация

The post-anthropogenic and soil cover transformations of former agricultural soils on the abandoned lands in the Russian Arctic territory are poorly investigated due to the active growth of the city complexes and increasing area occupied by agricultural lands. That is lead to an increase in the area of the arable lands surrounding the polar urbanized territories. Today, most of that land allocated for agricultural needs has been abandoned or affected by other types of land use. This study aimed to investigate the abandoned lands surrounding some of the settlements in the central part of the Yamal region. The soil diversity, morphology, and chemical and agrochemical properties were investigated with special reference to the specific transformations that occur to fallow lands under permafrost-affected cryogenic-ecosystem conditions. Analysis of data show that these soils are characterized by features relating to both, previous (and existing), anthropogenic impacts and natural processes such as cryogenic mass transfer. The degradation of the arable humus-enriched horizon was not as pronounced as it has been in more humid boreal environments over recent decades. The organic carbon content in topsoil depends on the land use and varied considerably among the soil types. The former arable topsoil horizon has been stable over time in terms of its morphological features and agrochemical state. Despite the high soil acidity levels, thenutrient content in the anthropogenically impacted soils was still high, even though being abandoned for 20 years.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Страницы (с-по)94-106
Число страниц13
ЖурналOpen Agriculture
Том5
Номер выпуска1
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 1 янв 2020

Предметные области Scopus

  • Земледелие и биологические науки (все)

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