Fusarium wilt of flax is an aggressive disease caused by the soil-borne fungal pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lini. It is a challenging pathogen presenting a constant threat to flax production industry worldwide. Previously, we reported chromosome-level assemblies of 5 highly pathogenic F. oxysporum f. sp. lini strains. We sought to characterize the genomic architecture of the fungus and outline evolutionary mechanisms shaping the pathogen genome. Here, we reveal the complex multi-compartmentalized genome organization and uncover its diverse evolutionary dy-namics, which boosts genetic diversity and facilitates host adaptation. In addition, our results suggest that host of functions implicated in the life cycle of mobile genetic elements are main contribu-tors to dissimilarity between proteomes of different Fusaria. Finally, our experiments demonstrate that mobile genetics elements are expressed in planta upon infection, alluding to their role in path-ogenicity. On the whole, these results pave the way for further in-depth studies of evolutionary forces shaping the host–pathogen interaction.
Предметные области Scopus
- Молекулярная биология
- Прикладные компьютерные науки
- Физическая и теоретическая химия
- Органическая химия
- Неорганическая химия