"Observer effect" in late 19th and early 20th century measurements of vowel characteristic tones

Переведенное название: "Эффект наблюдателя" в экспериментах конца 19го - начала 20го вв. по измерению характерных тонов гласных

Результат исследований: Публикации в книгах, отчётах, сборниках, трудах конференцийстатья в сборнике материалов конференции

Аннотация

In the late 19th and early 20th century various tools
and techniques existed for vowel characteristic tone
measurements, including the use of such instruments
as tuning forks and resonators. This subtle method
demanding from the researcher a sensitive ear and a
good training nevertheless remained subjective and
depended to a great extent on the explorer’s will.
Contrary to modern data descriptions, most of vowel
measurements were given as precise single values
and not as value areas. Thus several questions arise:
what are the possible reasons underlying the choice
of a concrete value by a researcher? Could this
choice be deliberate? Was it due to the measuring
technique imperfection? What role could tradition
and psychological aspect play?
In order to answer these questions, values
suggested by Helmholtz, Koenig and Rousselot are
analyzed in the present study in correlation with the
descriptions of measurement methods existing at
that time
Переведенное название"Эффект наблюдателя" в экспериментах конца 19го - начала 20го вв. по измерению характерных тонов гласных
Язык оригиналаанглийский
Название основной публикацииProceedings of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Melbourne, Australia 2019
РедакторыSasha Calhoun Calhoun, Paola Escudero, Marija Tabain, Paul Warren
Место публикацииCanberra, Australia
ИздательAustralasian Speech Science and Technology Association Inc
Страницы1917-1921
Число страниц5
ISBN (электронное издание)978-0-646-80069-1
СостояниеОпубликовано - 2019

Ключевые слова

  • vowel formants
  • music intervals
  • scales
  • tuning forks
  • French phonetics

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