Частотное поведение прилагательных цвета в русских поэтических текстах

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатьярецензирование

Аннотация

Linguistic corpora and computer technologies make it possible to search and analyze massive volumes of texts. Our paper describes certain patterns of frequency behavior for adjectives denoting colors in Russian poetic texts. We compared the frequency of use of basic adjectives of color (белый – white; чёрный – black; красный – red; зелёный – green; жёлтый – yellow; синий – blue; голубой – light blue; коричневый – brown; оранжевый – orange; розовый – pink; and фиолетовый - violet) in the texts of four corpora of the Russian National Corpus, i.e., the Basic corpus, Newspaper corpus, Oral corpus, and Poetry corpus. The comparison showed that the frequency of adjectives of color in the Poetry corpus is significantly higher than in the other three corpora. We arranged the adjectives retrieved from each corpus in order of decreasing frequency and found that, in all four corpora, the order of the adjectives of color correlates to some extent with the evolutionary theory of Berlin-Kay. In addition, we searched the information system of the State Hermitage Museum where the frequency correlation between adjectives of color and the Berlin-Kay evolutionary model was less obvious. This paper describes in detail the method we used to extract adjectives of color from the poetic texts found in the Poetry corpus of the Russian National Corpus and from various Internet sources. Using a base of 180 lexical units extracted from the poetic texts of 36 authors, we devised a categorization scheme for adjectives of color; this scheme also incorporated data obtained from the Hermitage Museum information system. It includes five categories, with the largest (“Derivatives”) broken down into three subcategories. Our paper further provides quantitative data indicating the extent to which the elements of the different categories are represented in the texts; and from this data we were able to draw a preliminary conclusion vis-à-vis the use of adjectives of color by various authors. In the course of our study, we found a few semantic tagging errors in the Russian National Corpus.
Язык оригиналарусский
Страницы (с-по)21-48
Число страниц28
ЖурналВЕСТНИК НОВОСИБИРСКОГО ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОГО УНИВЕРСИТЕТА. СЕРИЯ: ЛИНГВИСТИКА И МЕЖКУЛЬТУРНАЯ КОММУНИКАЦИЯ
Том17
Номер выпуска1
СостояниеОпубликовано - 2019

Ключевые слова

  • прилагательные цвета, теория базовых цветовых терминов Берлина‑Кея, Национальный корпус русского языка, поэтический корпус, семантическая разметка

Цитировать