The psychological condition of russian society in the context of the covid-19 pandemic

Переведенное название: Психологическое состояние российского общества в услових пандемии, вызванной COVID-19

Olga Deyneka, Alexandr Maksimenko

Результат исследований: Публикации в книгах, отчётах, сборниках, трудах конференцийстатья в сборнике материалов конференциирецензирование

Аннотация

The problem of the psychological impact of a pandemic, quarantine and self-isolation on the state of society attracts increased attention of specialists (Hua J., Shaw R., 2020; Li S., Wang Y. et all, 2020, Enikolopov S. et all, 2020; Fedosenko E., 2020). The objective of our work was to find the most common attitudes and types of responses of Russians to the epidemic COVID-19 taking into account their involvement in social networks, critical thinking and severity of psychopathological symptoms. The study was carried out during the recession of the first wave of the pandemic in early June 2020. The main tool was the questionnaire of T. Nestik in an abridged version. Additionally, a questionnaire of critical thinking was used (CTI, Epstein, adapted by S. Enikolopov and S. Lebedev, 2004); test of psychopathological symptoms SCL-90-R; social media engagement questionnaire (Karadag, 2015) was used. The study involved 986 people (56.9% male, 43.1% female) aged 18 to 76 years. Using exploratory factor analysis, 6 types of responses to the epidemic situation caused by COVID-19 were identified (fans / opponents of the "conspiracy theory"; responsible / irresponsible, covid-dissidents, covid-optimists, misophobes, anti-vaccinators). The dominant belief among the respondents is that the emergence of new infectious diseases is a natural process of mutation that occurs in nature without the participation of people, or the result of someone's mistake. Conspiracy theories were significantly more common among elderly people and women. Citizens see salvation from the epidemic in the moral conscience and responsibility of everyone. At the same time, they do not trust both official information and information from fellow citizens. Representatives of the older generation have higher confidence in the country's leadership, in the possibilities of medicine and science, and in fellow citizens. Correlations of non-critical thinking with manifestations of misophobia and fear of new epidemics were revealed. Depressive subjects were more concerned about the illegal behavior of fellow citizens and misophobia. Long-term fear of epidemics has been correlated with anxiety. Among those who prefer social networks to official information (television, radio, print), statistically significantly more are those who not only do not trust official information about the epidemic situation, but also do not trust their fellow citizens, attributing to them possible facts of concealing information about the disease because of the fear of being quarantined. Thus, the COVID-consciousness of Russians demonstrated a combination of rather contradictory attitudes.
Переведенное названиеПсихологическое состояние российского общества в услових пандемии, вызванной COVID-19
Язык оригиналаанглийский
Название основной публикацииPsychological Applications and Trends 2021
РедакторыClara Pracana, Michael Wang
ИздательInScience Press
Страницы262–266
ISBN (печатное издание)978-989-54815-5-2
СостояниеОпубликовано - апр 2021
СобытиеPsychological Applications and Trends (InPACT -2021) - Лиссабон, Лиссабон, Португалия
Продолжительность: 24 апр 202126 апр 2021
http://www.inpact-psychologyconference.org
http://inpact-psychologyconference.org/
http://inpact-psychologyconference.org/conference-program/

конференция

конференцияPsychological Applications and Trends (InPACT -2021)
Сокращенный заголовокInPACT -2021
СтранаПортугалия
ГородЛиссабон
Период24/04/2126/04/21
Адрес в сети Интернет

Предметные области Scopus

  • Психология (все)

Ключевые слова

  • psychology, covid-19 pandemic

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