Оценка и прогноз экологической ситуации в Санкт-Петербурге по показателям загрязнения атмосферного воздуха и изменения здоровья населения

Vladislav N. Movchan, Polina S. Zubkova, Irina K. Kalinina, Mariya A. Kuznetsova, Nadezhda A. Sheinerman

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

Выдержка

Changes in the ecological situation over the last 35 years, corresponding to the period of economic transformations in Russia, were considered using the data of state statistics on atmospheric air pollution and morbidity of the population in St. Petersburg. Two stages of changes in anthropogenic impact on the environment were highlighted. During the first stage (1993-2008) the total volume of pollutant emissions in the atmospheric air decreased threefold due to the decline in industrial production in the city. The second stage (from the beginning of 2009) is characterized by an increase in the total amount of emissions more than twofold, caused by a significant growth the role of vehicles as a polluter of the air. During the period under review, the incidence of the population has increased significantly too. This manifested itself especially clearly in the period 2005-2009 when the primary incidence of the population in St. Petersburg increased by 1,4 times. During the period under review, there were significant changes in the incidence of the population in the districts of St. Petersburg. It was demonstrated that in the industrial Kolpinsky and in the Tsentralny districts the primary morbidity of the child population rose sharply in the late 1990s and, according to this indicator, these districts moved from the 10th and 11th places to the first places in the city. Based on the results of the non-carcinogenic health risks assessment associated with the inhalation of priority pollutants into the body, it was concluded that the greatest incidence of the population among the administrative districts of the city could be expected in the Tsentralny district, and the Kolpinsky district will move to the sixth place on this indicator. The lowest risk of development of non-carcinogenic effects during the combined effect of atmospheric pollutants is in the Petrodvortsovy district. It is pointed out the need to take measures to reduce the man-caused (transport) load on the urban environment in districts with high rates of non-carcinogenic health risks. The adoption of priority measures in the Tsentralny District of St. Petersburg is justified.

Язык оригиналарусский
Страницы (с-по)178-193
Число страниц16
ЖурналVestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Earth Sciences
Том63
Номер выпуска2
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 1 янв 2018

Отпечаток

public health
atmospheric pollution
morbidity
health risk
industrial production
air
risk assessment
pollutant
economics
city
forecast
indicator
effect
vehicle
statistics
rate
pollutant emission

Предметные области Scopus

  • Геология
  • Планетоведение и науки о земле (все)

Цитировать

@article{4c387a42b32943c786f5797dfdba58cb,
title = "Оценка и прогноз экологической ситуации в Санкт-Петербурге по показателям загрязнения атмосферного воздуха и изменения здоровья населения",
abstract = "Changes in the ecological situation over the last 35 years, corresponding to the period of economic transformations in Russia, were considered using the data of state statistics on atmospheric air pollution and morbidity of the population in St. Petersburg. Two stages of changes in anthropogenic impact on the environment were highlighted. During the first stage (1993-2008) the total volume of pollutant emissions in the atmospheric air decreased threefold due to the decline in industrial production in the city. The second stage (from the beginning of 2009) is characterized by an increase in the total amount of emissions more than twofold, caused by a significant growth the role of vehicles as a polluter of the air. During the period under review, the incidence of the population has increased significantly too. This manifested itself especially clearly in the period 2005-2009 when the primary incidence of the population in St. Petersburg increased by 1,4 times. During the period under review, there were significant changes in the incidence of the population in the districts of St. Petersburg. It was demonstrated that in the industrial Kolpinsky and in the Tsentralny districts the primary morbidity of the child population rose sharply in the late 1990s and, according to this indicator, these districts moved from the 10th and 11th places to the first places in the city. Based on the results of the non-carcinogenic health risks assessment associated with the inhalation of priority pollutants into the body, it was concluded that the greatest incidence of the population among the administrative districts of the city could be expected in the Tsentralny district, and the Kolpinsky district will move to the sixth place on this indicator. The lowest risk of development of non-carcinogenic effects during the combined effect of atmospheric pollutants is in the Petrodvortsovy district. It is pointed out the need to take measures to reduce the man-caused (transport) load on the urban environment in districts with high rates of non-carcinogenic health risks. The adoption of priority measures in the Tsentralny District of St. Petersburg is justified.",
keywords = "Air pollution, Health risk assessment, Morbidity of the population",
author = "Movchan, {Vladislav N.} and Zubkova, {Polina S.} and Kalinina, {Irina K.} and Kuznetsova, {Mariya A.} and Sheinerman, {Nadezhda A.}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.21638/11701/spbu07.2018.204",
language = "русский",
volume = "63",
pages = "178--193",
journal = "Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Науки о Земле",
issn = "2541-9668",
publisher = "Издательство Санкт-Петербургского университета",
number = "2",

}

Оценка и прогноз экологической ситуации в Санкт-Петербурге по показателям загрязнения атмосферного воздуха и изменения здоровья населения. / Movchan, Vladislav N.; Zubkova, Polina S.; Kalinina, Irina K.; Kuznetsova, Mariya A.; Sheinerman, Nadezhda A.

В: Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Earth Sciences, Том 63, № 2, 01.01.2018, стр. 178-193.

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

TY - JOUR

T1 - Оценка и прогноз экологической ситуации в Санкт-Петербурге по показателям загрязнения атмосферного воздуха и изменения здоровья населения

AU - Movchan, Vladislav N.

AU - Zubkova, Polina S.

AU - Kalinina, Irina K.

AU - Kuznetsova, Mariya A.

AU - Sheinerman, Nadezhda A.

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Changes in the ecological situation over the last 35 years, corresponding to the period of economic transformations in Russia, were considered using the data of state statistics on atmospheric air pollution and morbidity of the population in St. Petersburg. Two stages of changes in anthropogenic impact on the environment were highlighted. During the first stage (1993-2008) the total volume of pollutant emissions in the atmospheric air decreased threefold due to the decline in industrial production in the city. The second stage (from the beginning of 2009) is characterized by an increase in the total amount of emissions more than twofold, caused by a significant growth the role of vehicles as a polluter of the air. During the period under review, the incidence of the population has increased significantly too. This manifested itself especially clearly in the period 2005-2009 when the primary incidence of the population in St. Petersburg increased by 1,4 times. During the period under review, there were significant changes in the incidence of the population in the districts of St. Petersburg. It was demonstrated that in the industrial Kolpinsky and in the Tsentralny districts the primary morbidity of the child population rose sharply in the late 1990s and, according to this indicator, these districts moved from the 10th and 11th places to the first places in the city. Based on the results of the non-carcinogenic health risks assessment associated with the inhalation of priority pollutants into the body, it was concluded that the greatest incidence of the population among the administrative districts of the city could be expected in the Tsentralny district, and the Kolpinsky district will move to the sixth place on this indicator. The lowest risk of development of non-carcinogenic effects during the combined effect of atmospheric pollutants is in the Petrodvortsovy district. It is pointed out the need to take measures to reduce the man-caused (transport) load on the urban environment in districts with high rates of non-carcinogenic health risks. The adoption of priority measures in the Tsentralny District of St. Petersburg is justified.

AB - Changes in the ecological situation over the last 35 years, corresponding to the period of economic transformations in Russia, were considered using the data of state statistics on atmospheric air pollution and morbidity of the population in St. Petersburg. Two stages of changes in anthropogenic impact on the environment were highlighted. During the first stage (1993-2008) the total volume of pollutant emissions in the atmospheric air decreased threefold due to the decline in industrial production in the city. The second stage (from the beginning of 2009) is characterized by an increase in the total amount of emissions more than twofold, caused by a significant growth the role of vehicles as a polluter of the air. During the period under review, the incidence of the population has increased significantly too. This manifested itself especially clearly in the period 2005-2009 when the primary incidence of the population in St. Petersburg increased by 1,4 times. During the period under review, there were significant changes in the incidence of the population in the districts of St. Petersburg. It was demonstrated that in the industrial Kolpinsky and in the Tsentralny districts the primary morbidity of the child population rose sharply in the late 1990s and, according to this indicator, these districts moved from the 10th and 11th places to the first places in the city. Based on the results of the non-carcinogenic health risks assessment associated with the inhalation of priority pollutants into the body, it was concluded that the greatest incidence of the population among the administrative districts of the city could be expected in the Tsentralny district, and the Kolpinsky district will move to the sixth place on this indicator. The lowest risk of development of non-carcinogenic effects during the combined effect of atmospheric pollutants is in the Petrodvortsovy district. It is pointed out the need to take measures to reduce the man-caused (transport) load on the urban environment in districts with high rates of non-carcinogenic health risks. The adoption of priority measures in the Tsentralny District of St. Petersburg is justified.

KW - Air pollution

KW - Health risk assessment

KW - Morbidity of the population

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85054154748&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.21638/11701/spbu07.2018.204

DO - 10.21638/11701/spbu07.2018.204

M3 - статья

AN - SCOPUS:85054154748

VL - 63

SP - 178

EP - 193

JO - Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Науки о Земле

JF - Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Науки о Земле

SN - 2541-9668

IS - 2

ER -