«ОТКРЫТАЯ ТЕКСТУРА» ЭМПИРИЧЕСКИХ ПОНЯТИЙ И ЛИНГВИСТИЧЕСКИЙ АНТИРЕДУКЦИОНИЗМ ФРИДРИХА ВАЙСМАН

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

Выдержка

The article presents a careful analysis of the idea of the “open texture” of empirical concepts and the problems of verification in the way that they were formulated by Friedrich Waismann. The idea of the “open texture” means for Waismann a certain type of a linguistic indeterminacy or a sort of lack of definition, which must be distinguished from, and linked to, another types like vagueness or ambiguity. It is shown that empirical statements are not conclusively verifiable for two different reasons: the incompleteness of description of the material object and the open texture of the terms involved. We cannot conclusively verify statements in which the empirical concepts are used, because we cannot define these concepts in an exhaustive way because of their open texture. Thus, the definition of the concept will be incomplete. Waismann's approach to definition plays here a key role, and it is directly related to the open texture of concepts. The author proposes interpreting the open texture as an immanent property of the concept, as something that is embedded in it a priori, and which can cause a vagueness. Nevertheless, an open texture must be distinguished form a vagueness. This leads to the conclusion that an open texture is a possibility of vagueness; vagueness can be remedied by giving more accurate rules, open texture cannot. In this sense, the “open texture” of a language allows for a more precise definition of concepts (by adjusting the definition) if appropriate circumstances arise. This justifies the thesis that the argument of the open texture is the ontological basis of the linguistic anti-reductionism of Friedrich Waismann.

Язык оригиналарусский
Страницы (с-по)110-122
Число страниц13
ЖурналEpistemology and Philosophy of Science
Том56
Номер выпуска3
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 1 янв 2019

Отпечаток

Open Texture
Friedrich Waismann
Antireductionism
Vagueness
Incompleteness
Incomplete
Material Objects
Indeterminacy
Language
Ontological
Causes

Предметные области Scopus

  • Философия
  • История и философия науки

Ключевые слова

  • Definition
  • Description
  • Empirical concepts
  • Natural language
  • Open texture
  • Reduction
  • Verification

Цитировать

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«ОТКРЫТАЯ ТЕКСТУРА» ЭМПИРИЧЕСКИХ ПОНЯТИЙ И ЛИНГВИСТИЧЕСКИЙ АНТИРЕДУКЦИОНИЗМ ФРИДРИХА ВАЙСМАН. / Ogleznev, Vitaly V.

В: Epistemology and Philosophy of Science, Том 56, № 3, 01.01.2019, стр. 110-122.

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

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