Незамеченный дворцовый переворот

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхОбзорная статьярецензирование

Аннотация

The article is devoted to the history of the emergence and development of the political crisis of the Interregnum. The central question of the article is examination of the reason why Nikolai, having received news of the death of Alexander, decided to swear allegiance to Konstantin. An analysis of historiography demonstrates that the most diametrical interpretations of this event are presented in the literature: Nikolai acted under pressure from M. A. Miloradovich and/or Maria Fedorovna, together with the Governor-General and/or Empress Mother. An important aspect of the work is the study of the normative component of the problem of succession. It is shown that by November 1825 a contradictory situation had developed: by law the heir was Konstantin, by family agreement - Nikolai. The article justifiably proves that the Manifesto of Alexander I on the transfer of the throne of Nicholas was a model of separate family law and was never supposed to be published. On the basis of a wide range of sources, the article reconstructs the course of meetings on November 25, describes the features of taking the oath on November 27, and reveals the development of the dynastic crisis arising from them. It is demonstrated that Nicholas had a complex plan to seize power, which implied unification with representatives of the generals and the highest bureaucracy, an oath in favor of Konstantin in violation of the established tradition, pressure on his older brother and, ultimately, the proclamation of emperor. The article presents the question of rumors spread in St. Petersburg society related to the secession of Poland and the hypothetical murder of Constantine.

Переведенное названиеUnnoticed coup D'etat
Язык оригиналарусский
Страницы (с-по)79-97
Число страниц19
ЖурналВЕСТНИК САНКТ-ПЕТЕРБУРГСКОГО УНИВЕРСИТЕТА. ИСТОРИЯ
Том66
Номер выпуска1
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - мар 2021

Предметные области Scopus

  • История

Ключевые слова

  • Conspiracy
  • Decembrist movement
  • Decembrists
  • Grand Duke Konstantin Pavlovich
  • M. A. Miloradovich
  • Nicholas I
  • Oath

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