Десять категорий Аристотеля и десять заповедей Моисея

Результат исследований: Публикации в книгах, отчётах, сборниках, трудах конференцийстатья в сборникенаучнаярецензирование

Выдержка

Researchers note a slight influence of Aristotle’s "Nicomachean Ethics" in Antiquity and considerable influence in the Middle Ages, which has resulted in numerous Byzantine and scholastical commentaries on the treatise. How the Christian and pagan ethics were combined in the Middle Ages? Apparently, as in the case with the logic, theologians borrowed the categorical apparatus of Greek philosophy from the ancient culture.
Aristotle applies the doctrine of the categories to resolve specific issues of ethics. Having remembered the ten categories of Aristotle, it is possible to compare them with the ten Commandments given by God to Moses. What is similar in them, except the quantity of 10? Immediately you will notice the exceptional value of the first category (the essence) and, accordingly, the first commandment (I am Being, or, in another translation, I am that I am). The rest of the nine categories, as well as the nine Commandments, do not have a sense without the first one, they are only the properties or the conclusions of it. Ten
categories of Aristotle were later reduced to two basic ones: substance and accidence. Ten Commandments of Moses are reduced in the New Testament to two main ones: "You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength, and with all your mind; and your neighbor as yourself" (Lk 10:27).
Many associations are arising during the comparison of the other categories and commandments.
Comparison of the table of categories and commandments lets us understand why medieval theologians, which have developed the Christian ethics that arised from the ancient ethics of Old Testament could not do without the categorical apparatus of ancient philosophy, without the ability to use the mind for achieving the happiness (blissness). Aristotle emphasized this so important virtue in his "Nicomachean Ethics" as a so-called dianoethic (reasonable) virtue.
Язык оригиналарусский
Название основной публикации«Никомахова этика» в истории европейской мысли
Подзаголовок основной публикацииАльманах
РедакторыО.Э. Душин, К.М. Шморага
Место публикации Санкт-Петербург – Псков
ИздательПсковский государственный университет
Страницы78-88
ISBN (печатное издание)9785911166335
СостояниеОпубликовано - 2017
Событие«Никомахова этика» в истории европейской мысли. - СПбГУ, Санкт-Петербург, Российская Федерация
Продолжительность: 18 ноя 201619 ноя 2016

Серия публикаций

НазваниеVERBUM
Номер19

Семинар

Семинар«Никомахова этика» в истории европейской мысли.
СтранаРоссийская Федерация
ГородСанкт-Петербург
Период18/11/1619/11/16

Отпечаток

Commandments
Aristotle
Medieval Period
Theologians
Nicomachean Ethics
Categorical
Deity
Logic
Doctrine
Antiquity
Byzantine Empire
Old Testament
Greek philosophy
Happiness
Essence
Treatise
Neighbors
Christian Ethics
Pagans
Ancient Cultures

Предметные области Scopus

  • Гуманитарные науки и искусство (все)

Ключевые слова

  • Аристотель, категории, Пророк Моисей, заповеди

Цитировать

Тоноян, Л. Г. (2017). Десять категорий Аристотеля и десять заповедей Моисея. В О. Э. Душин, & К. М. Шморага (Ред.), «Никомахова этика» в истории европейской мысли : Альманах (стр. 78-88 ). (VERBUM; № 19). Санкт-Петербург – Псков: Псковский государственный университет.
Тоноян, Лариса Грачиковна. / Десять категорий Аристотеля и десять заповедей Моисея. «Никомахова этика» в истории европейской мысли : Альманах. редактор / О.Э. Душин ; К.М. Шморага. Санкт-Петербург – Псков : Псковский государственный университет, 2017. стр. 78-88 (VERBUM; 19).
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Тоноян, ЛГ 2017, Десять категорий Аристотеля и десять заповедей Моисея. в ОЭ Душин & КМ Шморага (ред.), «Никомахова этика» в истории европейской мысли : Альманах. VERBUM, № 19, Псковский государственный университет, Санкт-Петербург – Псков, стр. 78-88 , «Никомахова этика» в истории европейской мысли., Санкт-Петербург, Российская Федерация, 18/11/16.

Десять категорий Аристотеля и десять заповедей Моисея. / Тоноян, Лариса Грачиковна.

«Никомахова этика» в истории европейской мысли : Альманах. ред. / О.Э. Душин; К.М. Шморага. Санкт-Петербург – Псков : Псковский государственный университет, 2017. стр. 78-88 (VERBUM; № 19).

Результат исследований: Публикации в книгах, отчётах, сборниках, трудах конференцийстатья в сборникенаучнаярецензирование

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Тоноян ЛГ. Десять категорий Аристотеля и десять заповедей Моисея. В Душин ОЭ, Шморага КМ, редакторы, «Никомахова этика» в истории европейской мысли : Альманах. Санкт-Петербург – Псков: Псковский государственный университет. 2017. стр. 78-88 . (VERBUM; 19).