Gender biases and stereotypes in the theories of crowd behavior of late XIX – early XX centuries

Переведенное название: Гендерные предрассудки и стереотипы в теориях толпы конца 19 - начала 20 вв

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

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Статья посвящена изучению характерной для первых теорий толпы тенденции феминизации стихийных объединений, распространения на них гендерных предрассудков и стереотипов. Установлено, что первоначально исследователи пристрастно характеризовали женщин в толпе, но позже, во многом под влиянием идей Г. Лебона, они стали приписывать толпе в целом «женские» характеристики (изменчивость настроения, импульсивность поведения, чрезмерность чувств, склонность к внушению, неспособность рассуждать и др.). Это способствовало рассмотрению толпы вне социального и ситуативного контекста, легитимизации полицейского насилия, отказу учитывать требования масс. В статье констатируется, что тенденция феминизации толпы не была продолжительной. Описываются особенности ее формирования и пути преодоления в науке конца XIX – начала XX вв. В частности, отмечается, что прекращение этой тенденции было связано с подчеркиванием социальных факторов поведения женщины в толпе, исключением патологических свойств из перечня приписываемых, постепенным признанием большей выраженности индивидуальных различий в сравнении с гендерными. Проведенное исследование представляется целесообразным в контексте расширения предметного поля психологии стихийных социальных объединений, а также для разработки концептуальных основ системного подхода к феномену толпы.
Язык оригиналаанглийский
Страницы (с-по)7-14
ЖурналПсихология. Историко-критические обзоры и современные исследования.
Том8
Номер выпуска2-1
СостояниеОпубликовано - июн 2019

Отпечаток

Feminization
Sexism
Social Psychology
Police
Violence
Individuality
Emotions
Research Personnel

Предметные области Scopus

  • Психология (все)

Ключевые слова

  • Толпа, теории толпы, женщины в толпе, феминизация толпы, гендерные предрассудки, гендерные стереотипы.

Цитировать

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title = "Gender biases and stereotypes in the theories of crowd behavior of late XIX – early XX centuries",
abstract = "The article is devoted to the study of the tendency of feminization of spontaneous groups, the spread of gender biases and stereotypes in relation to them. It is established that initially the researchers characterized women in the crowd with partiality, but later, largely under the influence of the ideas of G. Le Bon, they began to attribute {"}female{"} characteristics to the crowd (variability of mood, impulsiveness of behavior, excessive feelings, tendency to suggestion, inability to reason, etc.). This contributed to the consideration of the crowd outside the social and situational context, legitimization of police violence, refusal to take into account the demands of the masses. The article states that the trend of feminization of the crowd was not long. The authors describe the features of its formation and ways of overcoming in science of the late XIX - early XX centuries. In particular, it is noted that the cessation of this trend was due to the emphasis on social factors of women's behavior in the crowd, the exclusion of pathological properties from the list of attributed ones, the gradual recognition of greater severity of individual differences in comparison with gender. The study is useful in the context of expanding the subject field of psychology of spontaneous social groups, as well as developing the conceptual foundations of a systematic approach to the phenomenon of the crowd.",
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author = "Gorbatov, {Dmitrii S.} and Baichik, {Anna V.}",
note = "Горбатов Д.С., Байчик А.В. Gender biases and stereotypes in the theories of crowd behavior of late XIX – early XX centuries // Психология. Историко-критические обзоры и современные исследования. 2019. Т. 8. № 2А. С. 7-14.",
year = "2019",
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journal = "Психология. Историко-критические обзоры и современные исследования.",
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Gender biases and stereotypes in the theories of crowd behavior of late XIX – early XX centuries. / Gorbatov, Dmitrii S.; Baichik, Anna V.

В: Психология. Историко-критические обзоры и современные исследования., Том 8, № 2-1, 06.2019, стр. 7-14.

Результат исследований: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gender biases and stereotypes in the theories of crowd behavior of late XIX – early XX centuries

AU - Gorbatov, Dmitrii S.

AU - Baichik, Anna V.

N1 - Горбатов Д.С., Байчик А.В. Gender biases and stereotypes in the theories of crowd behavior of late XIX – early XX centuries // Психология. Историко-критические обзоры и современные исследования. 2019. Т. 8. № 2А. С. 7-14.

PY - 2019/6

Y1 - 2019/6

N2 - The article is devoted to the study of the tendency of feminization of spontaneous groups, the spread of gender biases and stereotypes in relation to them. It is established that initially the researchers characterized women in the crowd with partiality, but later, largely under the influence of the ideas of G. Le Bon, they began to attribute "female" characteristics to the crowd (variability of mood, impulsiveness of behavior, excessive feelings, tendency to suggestion, inability to reason, etc.). This contributed to the consideration of the crowd outside the social and situational context, legitimization of police violence, refusal to take into account the demands of the masses. The article states that the trend of feminization of the crowd was not long. The authors describe the features of its formation and ways of overcoming in science of the late XIX - early XX centuries. In particular, it is noted that the cessation of this trend was due to the emphasis on social factors of women's behavior in the crowd, the exclusion of pathological properties from the list of attributed ones, the gradual recognition of greater severity of individual differences in comparison with gender. The study is useful in the context of expanding the subject field of psychology of spontaneous social groups, as well as developing the conceptual foundations of a systematic approach to the phenomenon of the crowd.

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M3 - Article

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JF - Психология. Историко-критические обзоры и современные исследования.

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