Bacteriophages as part of the symbiotic system of bryozoans and their bacterial symbionts

Переведенное название: Бактериофаги как часть симбиотической системы мшанок и их бактериальных симбионтов

Результат исследований: Материалы конференцийтезисы

Выдержка

Many marine colonial invertebrates host bacterial symbionts. They were also described in several bryozoan species, but details of their interaction with host tissues studied very fragmentarily. Ultrastructural research on two closely related cheilostome bryozoans – Aquiloniella scabra and Paralicornia sinuosa have revealed the presence of symbiotic bacteria inside so-called ‘funicular bodies’, that are swollen parts of funicular strands providing transport function within and between zooids. Funicular bodies are morphologically similar in both species. The size of the bodies correlates with the number of symbionts inside of them. Presence of the electron dense matrix in the gaps between symbionts and cytoplasmic processes of the host cells, as well as an increase of the funicular bodies in size, may indicate trophic relationships between the bryozoan tissues and bacteria. Thus, funicular bodies can serve as a reservoir for the maintenance of the vital activity of bacteria and their multiplication. Viral particles were detected in the cytoplasm of bacterial symbionts of P. sinuosa. Presence of viruses in bryozoans has not yet been detected. Amount of bacteriophages differs in the bacteria from different funicular bodies. We found intact bacterial cells, cells with virions in the cytoplasm and disrupted bacteria containing virions. Differences can be associated with the asynchronous occurrence of the lytic cycle in bacteria from different funicular bodies. Interestingly, viral particles possess a larger and more complex capsid then those of most bacteriophages known.
Язык оригиналаанглийский
Страницы40
СостояниеОпубликовано - июн 2019

Отпечаток

Bryozoa
bacteriophages
symbionts
virion
bacteria
cytoplasm
body size
capsid
cells
trophic relationships
invertebrates
electrons
viruses

Цитировать

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title = "Bacteriophages as part of the symbiotic system of bryozoans and their bacterial symbionts",
abstract = "Many marine colonial invertebrates host bacterial symbionts. They were also described in several bryozoan species, but details of their interaction with host tissues studied very fragmentarily. Ultrastructural research on two closely related cheilostome bryozoans – Aquiloniella scabra and Paralicornia sinuosa have revealed the presence of symbiotic bacteria inside so-called ‘funicular bodies’, that are swollen parts of funicular strands providing transport function within and between zooids. Funicular bodies are morphologically similar in both species. The size of the bodies correlates with the number of symbionts inside of them. Presence of the electron dense matrix in the gaps between symbionts and cytoplasmic processes of the host cells, as well as an increase of the funicular bodies in size, may indicate trophic relationships between the bryozoan tissues and bacteria. Thus, funicular bodies can serve as a reservoir for the maintenance of the vital activity of bacteria and their multiplication. Viral particles were detected in the cytoplasm of bacterial symbionts of P. sinuosa. Presence of viruses in bryozoans has not yet been detected. Amount of bacteriophages differs in the bacteria from different funicular bodies. We found intact bacterial cells, cells with virions in the cytoplasm and disrupted bacteria containing virions. Differences can be associated with the asynchronous occurrence of the lytic cycle in bacteria from different funicular bodies. Interestingly, viral particles possess a larger and more complex capsid then those of most bacteriophages known.",
keywords = "Symbiosis, Bacteria, Bacteriophage",
author = "Карагодина, {Надежда Павловна} and Беликова, {Елена Владимировна} and Вишняков, {Андрей Экскустадианович} and Островский, {Андрей Николаевич}",
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T1 - Bacteriophages as part of the symbiotic system of bryozoans and their bacterial symbionts

AU - Карагодина, Надежда Павловна

AU - Беликова, Елена Владимировна

AU - Вишняков, Андрей Экскустадианович

AU - Островский, Андрей Николаевич

PY - 2019/6

Y1 - 2019/6

N2 - Many marine colonial invertebrates host bacterial symbionts. They were also described in several bryozoan species, but details of their interaction with host tissues studied very fragmentarily. Ultrastructural research on two closely related cheilostome bryozoans – Aquiloniella scabra and Paralicornia sinuosa have revealed the presence of symbiotic bacteria inside so-called ‘funicular bodies’, that are swollen parts of funicular strands providing transport function within and between zooids. Funicular bodies are morphologically similar in both species. The size of the bodies correlates with the number of symbionts inside of them. Presence of the electron dense matrix in the gaps between symbionts and cytoplasmic processes of the host cells, as well as an increase of the funicular bodies in size, may indicate trophic relationships between the bryozoan tissues and bacteria. Thus, funicular bodies can serve as a reservoir for the maintenance of the vital activity of bacteria and their multiplication. Viral particles were detected in the cytoplasm of bacterial symbionts of P. sinuosa. Presence of viruses in bryozoans has not yet been detected. Amount of bacteriophages differs in the bacteria from different funicular bodies. We found intact bacterial cells, cells with virions in the cytoplasm and disrupted bacteria containing virions. Differences can be associated with the asynchronous occurrence of the lytic cycle in bacteria from different funicular bodies. Interestingly, viral particles possess a larger and more complex capsid then those of most bacteriophages known.

AB - Many marine colonial invertebrates host bacterial symbionts. They were also described in several bryozoan species, but details of their interaction with host tissues studied very fragmentarily. Ultrastructural research on two closely related cheilostome bryozoans – Aquiloniella scabra and Paralicornia sinuosa have revealed the presence of symbiotic bacteria inside so-called ‘funicular bodies’, that are swollen parts of funicular strands providing transport function within and between zooids. Funicular bodies are morphologically similar in both species. The size of the bodies correlates with the number of symbionts inside of them. Presence of the electron dense matrix in the gaps between symbionts and cytoplasmic processes of the host cells, as well as an increase of the funicular bodies in size, may indicate trophic relationships between the bryozoan tissues and bacteria. Thus, funicular bodies can serve as a reservoir for the maintenance of the vital activity of bacteria and their multiplication. Viral particles were detected in the cytoplasm of bacterial symbionts of P. sinuosa. Presence of viruses in bryozoans has not yet been detected. Amount of bacteriophages differs in the bacteria from different funicular bodies. We found intact bacterial cells, cells with virions in the cytoplasm and disrupted bacteria containing virions. Differences can be associated with the asynchronous occurrence of the lytic cycle in bacteria from different funicular bodies. Interestingly, viral particles possess a larger and more complex capsid then those of most bacteriophages known.

KW - Symbiosis

KW - Bacteria

KW - Bacteriophage

M3 - Abstract

SP - 40

ER -