Vaporization and thermodynamics of ceramics based on the La2O3-Y2O3-HfO2 system studied by the high temperature mass spectrometric method.

E.N. Kablov, V.L. Stolyarova, V.A. Vorozhtcov, Sergey I. Lopatin, O.B. Fabrichnaya, M.O. Ilatovskaya, F.N. Karachevtsev

Research output

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rationale: Materials based on the La 2O 3-Y 2O 3-HfO 2 system are promising for the production of highly refractory ceramics, e.g., thermal barrier coatings and molds for casting of elements of gas turbine engines. When these ceramics are synthesized or used at high temperatures, selective vaporization of components may take place, resulting in changes in the physicochemical properties of the materials. Consequently, development of materials based on the La 2O 3-Y 2O 3-HfO 2 system requires information on vaporization in this system as well as on its thermodynamics, without which prediction and modeling of their physicochemical properties are impossible. Methods: Vaporization processes and thermodynamic properties in the La 2O 3-Y 2O 3-HfO 2 system were studied by the high-temperature Knudsen effusion mass spectrometric method using a MS-1301 mass spectrometer. Electron ionization of vapor species was employed at an ionization energy of 25 eV. The samples under study and reference substances were vaporized from a tungsten twin effusion cell. Results: At 2337 K the main vapor species over samples in the La 2O 3-Y 2O 3-HfO 2 system were shown to be LaO, YO and O. The partial pressures of the vapor species mentioned and the La 2O 3 and Y 2O 3 activities in the samples were obtained at 2337 K. The Gibbs energies of mixing and excess Gibbs energies were found in the solid solution of this system. Conclusions: Vaporization of ceramics based on the La 2O 3-Y 2O 3-HfO 2 system at 2337 K led to selective transition of La 2O 3 and Y 2O 3 to the gaseous phase, with the La 2O 3 vaporization rate being higher than that of Y 2O 3. The directions of composition changes of samples due to their vaporization at 2337 K were determined. In the solid solution of this system negative deviations from ideal behavior were found. The ability to estimate the excess Gibbs energies in the solid solution of the La 2O 3-Y 2O 3-HfO 2 system by the Kohler method was shown.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)686-694
Number of pages9
JournalRapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry
Volume32
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Vaporization
Thermodynamics
Gibbs free energy
Solid solutions
Vapors
Temperature
Tungsten
Thermal barrier coatings
Ionization potential
Molds
Mass spectrometers
Partial pressure
Refractory materials
Ionization
Gas turbines
Casting
Information systems
Turbines
Thermodynamic properties
Electrons

Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

@article{0ab90967fe1b419497c2f0b9ebc351ce,
title = "Vaporization and thermodynamics of ceramics based on the La2O3-Y2O3-HfO2 system studied by the high temperature mass spectrometric method.",
abstract = "Rationale: Materials based on the La 2O 3-Y 2O 3-HfO 2 system are promising for the production of highly refractory ceramics, e.g., thermal barrier coatings and molds for casting of elements of gas turbine engines. When these ceramics are synthesized or used at high temperatures, selective vaporization of components may take place, resulting in changes in the physicochemical properties of the materials. Consequently, development of materials based on the La 2O 3-Y 2O 3-HfO 2 system requires information on vaporization in this system as well as on its thermodynamics, without which prediction and modeling of their physicochemical properties are impossible. Methods: Vaporization processes and thermodynamic properties in the La 2O 3-Y 2O 3-HfO 2 system were studied by the high-temperature Knudsen effusion mass spectrometric method using a MS-1301 mass spectrometer. Electron ionization of vapor species was employed at an ionization energy of 25 eV. The samples under study and reference substances were vaporized from a tungsten twin effusion cell. Results: At 2337 K the main vapor species over samples in the La 2O 3-Y 2O 3-HfO 2 system were shown to be LaO, YO and O. The partial pressures of the vapor species mentioned and the La 2O 3 and Y 2O 3 activities in the samples were obtained at 2337 K. The Gibbs energies of mixing and excess Gibbs energies were found in the solid solution of this system. Conclusions: Vaporization of ceramics based on the La 2O 3-Y 2O 3-HfO 2 system at 2337 K led to selective transition of La 2O 3 and Y 2O 3 to the gaseous phase, with the La 2O 3 vaporization rate being higher than that of Y 2O 3. The directions of composition changes of samples due to their vaporization at 2337 K were determined. In the solid solution of this system negative deviations from ideal behavior were found. The ability to estimate the excess Gibbs energies in the solid solution of the La 2O 3-Y 2O 3-HfO 2 system by the Kohler method was shown.",
author = "E.N. Kablov and V.L. Stolyarova and V.A. Vorozhtcov and Lopatin, {Sergey I.} and O.B. Fabrichnaya and M.O. Ilatovskaya and F.N. Karachevtsev",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/rcm.8081",
language = "English",
volume = "32",
pages = "686--694",
journal = "Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry",
issn = "0951-4198",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Vaporization and thermodynamics of ceramics based on the La2O3-Y2O3-HfO2 system studied by the high temperature mass spectrometric method.

AU - Kablov, E.N.

AU - Stolyarova, V.L.

AU - Vorozhtcov, V.A.

AU - Lopatin, Sergey I.

AU - Fabrichnaya, O.B.

AU - Ilatovskaya, M.O.

AU - Karachevtsev, F.N.

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Rationale: Materials based on the La 2O 3-Y 2O 3-HfO 2 system are promising for the production of highly refractory ceramics, e.g., thermal barrier coatings and molds for casting of elements of gas turbine engines. When these ceramics are synthesized or used at high temperatures, selective vaporization of components may take place, resulting in changes in the physicochemical properties of the materials. Consequently, development of materials based on the La 2O 3-Y 2O 3-HfO 2 system requires information on vaporization in this system as well as on its thermodynamics, without which prediction and modeling of their physicochemical properties are impossible. Methods: Vaporization processes and thermodynamic properties in the La 2O 3-Y 2O 3-HfO 2 system were studied by the high-temperature Knudsen effusion mass spectrometric method using a MS-1301 mass spectrometer. Electron ionization of vapor species was employed at an ionization energy of 25 eV. The samples under study and reference substances were vaporized from a tungsten twin effusion cell. Results: At 2337 K the main vapor species over samples in the La 2O 3-Y 2O 3-HfO 2 system were shown to be LaO, YO and O. The partial pressures of the vapor species mentioned and the La 2O 3 and Y 2O 3 activities in the samples were obtained at 2337 K. The Gibbs energies of mixing and excess Gibbs energies were found in the solid solution of this system. Conclusions: Vaporization of ceramics based on the La 2O 3-Y 2O 3-HfO 2 system at 2337 K led to selective transition of La 2O 3 and Y 2O 3 to the gaseous phase, with the La 2O 3 vaporization rate being higher than that of Y 2O 3. The directions of composition changes of samples due to their vaporization at 2337 K were determined. In the solid solution of this system negative deviations from ideal behavior were found. The ability to estimate the excess Gibbs energies in the solid solution of the La 2O 3-Y 2O 3-HfO 2 system by the Kohler method was shown.

AB - Rationale: Materials based on the La 2O 3-Y 2O 3-HfO 2 system are promising for the production of highly refractory ceramics, e.g., thermal barrier coatings and molds for casting of elements of gas turbine engines. When these ceramics are synthesized or used at high temperatures, selective vaporization of components may take place, resulting in changes in the physicochemical properties of the materials. Consequently, development of materials based on the La 2O 3-Y 2O 3-HfO 2 system requires information on vaporization in this system as well as on its thermodynamics, without which prediction and modeling of their physicochemical properties are impossible. Methods: Vaporization processes and thermodynamic properties in the La 2O 3-Y 2O 3-HfO 2 system were studied by the high-temperature Knudsen effusion mass spectrometric method using a MS-1301 mass spectrometer. Electron ionization of vapor species was employed at an ionization energy of 25 eV. The samples under study and reference substances were vaporized from a tungsten twin effusion cell. Results: At 2337 K the main vapor species over samples in the La 2O 3-Y 2O 3-HfO 2 system were shown to be LaO, YO and O. The partial pressures of the vapor species mentioned and the La 2O 3 and Y 2O 3 activities in the samples were obtained at 2337 K. The Gibbs energies of mixing and excess Gibbs energies were found in the solid solution of this system. Conclusions: Vaporization of ceramics based on the La 2O 3-Y 2O 3-HfO 2 system at 2337 K led to selective transition of La 2O 3 and Y 2O 3 to the gaseous phase, with the La 2O 3 vaporization rate being higher than that of Y 2O 3. The directions of composition changes of samples due to their vaporization at 2337 K were determined. In the solid solution of this system negative deviations from ideal behavior were found. The ability to estimate the excess Gibbs energies in the solid solution of the La 2O 3-Y 2O 3-HfO 2 system by the Kohler method was shown.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85045215828&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/rcm.8081

DO - 10.1002/rcm.8081

M3 - Article

VL - 32

SP - 686

EP - 694

JO - Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry

JF - Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry

SN - 0951-4198

IS - 9

ER -