Use of bioindication and biotesting methods in assessing the ecological state of the territory of gas condensate deposits in the north of Western Siberia

Research outputpeer-review

Abstract

During environmental monitoring in the territory of licensed areas of the north of Western Siberia (YNAO), substances-indicators of pollution of the environment by drilling waste were identified. It has been established that the discharge significance of phenol, chlorides, Na + and Ba 2+ is most pronounced when discharging stratal waters. In the drill cuttings, the high level of chloride, petroleum hydrocarbon, Cu, Sr and Ba concentration was noted. To assess the ecological state of the natural environment in the gas condensate fields, a set of bioindication methods including determination of the chemical composition of soils and plants and biotesting of water extracts of soils using the Chlorella vulgaris and Daphnia magna test objects was applied. The content of heavy metals Zn, Cd, Cu, Sr, Fe, Mn, Cr, Pb, Ba, Co, and Ni is determined in 8 plant species. Indicators of early trends in the transformation of ecosystems under the influence of anthropogenic load have been identified. Tere are Ledum decumbens and Cladonia stellaris. The convergence of the results of methods of biotesting, the content of pollutants in soils and plants are established. The role of biological indication methods under unobtrusive changes in the state of the environment under conditions of gas condensate deposits is shown.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)326-344
Number of pages19
JournalVestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Earth Sciences
Volume63
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

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title = "Use of bioindication and biotesting methods in assessing the ecological state of the territory of gas condensate deposits in the north of Western Siberia",
abstract = "During environmental monitoring in the territory of licensed areas of the north of Western Siberia (YNAO), substances-indicators of pollution of the environment by drilling waste were identified. It has been established that the discharge significance of phenol, chlorides, Na + and Ba 2+ is most pronounced when discharging stratal waters. In the drill cuttings, the high level of chloride, petroleum hydrocarbon, Cu, Sr and Ba concentration was noted. To assess the ecological state of the natural environment in the gas condensate fields, a set of bioindication methods including determination of the chemical composition of soils and plants and biotesting of water extracts of soils using the Chlorella vulgaris and Daphnia magna test objects was applied. The content of heavy metals Zn, Cd, Cu, Sr, Fe, Mn, Cr, Pb, Ba, Co, and Ni is determined in 8 plant species. Indicators of early trends in the transformation of ecosystems under the influence of anthropogenic load have been identified. Tere are Ledum decumbens and Cladonia stellaris. The convergence of the results of methods of biotesting, the content of pollutants in soils and plants are established. The role of biological indication methods under unobtrusive changes in the state of the environment under conditions of gas condensate deposits is shown.",
keywords = "Bioindication, Biotesting, Gas condensate field, Heavy metals, North of Western Siberia, Pollution",
author = "Opekunova, {M. G.} and Opekunov, {A. Yu} and Arestova, {I. Yu} and Kukushkin, {S. Yu} and Spasskij, {V. V.} and Nikitina, {M. A.} and Elsukova, {E. Yu} and Sheynerman, {N. A.} and Nedbaev, {I. S.}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
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doi = "10.21638/spbu07.2018.305",
language = "English",
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publisher = "Издательство Санкт-Петербургского университета",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Use of bioindication and biotesting methods in assessing the ecological state of the territory of gas condensate deposits in the north of Western Siberia

AU - Opekunova, M. G.

AU - Opekunov, A. Yu

AU - Arestova, I. Yu

AU - Kukushkin, S. Yu

AU - Spasskij, V. V.

AU - Nikitina, M. A.

AU - Elsukova, E. Yu

AU - Sheynerman, N. A.

AU - Nedbaev, I. S.

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - During environmental monitoring in the territory of licensed areas of the north of Western Siberia (YNAO), substances-indicators of pollution of the environment by drilling waste were identified. It has been established that the discharge significance of phenol, chlorides, Na + and Ba 2+ is most pronounced when discharging stratal waters. In the drill cuttings, the high level of chloride, petroleum hydrocarbon, Cu, Sr and Ba concentration was noted. To assess the ecological state of the natural environment in the gas condensate fields, a set of bioindication methods including determination of the chemical composition of soils and plants and biotesting of water extracts of soils using the Chlorella vulgaris and Daphnia magna test objects was applied. The content of heavy metals Zn, Cd, Cu, Sr, Fe, Mn, Cr, Pb, Ba, Co, and Ni is determined in 8 plant species. Indicators of early trends in the transformation of ecosystems under the influence of anthropogenic load have been identified. Tere are Ledum decumbens and Cladonia stellaris. The convergence of the results of methods of biotesting, the content of pollutants in soils and plants are established. The role of biological indication methods under unobtrusive changes in the state of the environment under conditions of gas condensate deposits is shown.

AB - During environmental monitoring in the territory of licensed areas of the north of Western Siberia (YNAO), substances-indicators of pollution of the environment by drilling waste were identified. It has been established that the discharge significance of phenol, chlorides, Na + and Ba 2+ is most pronounced when discharging stratal waters. In the drill cuttings, the high level of chloride, petroleum hydrocarbon, Cu, Sr and Ba concentration was noted. To assess the ecological state of the natural environment in the gas condensate fields, a set of bioindication methods including determination of the chemical composition of soils and plants and biotesting of water extracts of soils using the Chlorella vulgaris and Daphnia magna test objects was applied. The content of heavy metals Zn, Cd, Cu, Sr, Fe, Mn, Cr, Pb, Ba, Co, and Ni is determined in 8 plant species. Indicators of early trends in the transformation of ecosystems under the influence of anthropogenic load have been identified. Tere are Ledum decumbens and Cladonia stellaris. The convergence of the results of methods of biotesting, the content of pollutants in soils and plants are established. The role of biological indication methods under unobtrusive changes in the state of the environment under conditions of gas condensate deposits is shown.

KW - Bioindication

KW - Biotesting

KW - Gas condensate field

KW - Heavy metals

KW - North of Western Siberia

KW - Pollution

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DO - 10.21638/spbu07.2018.305

M3 - Article

VL - 63

SP - 326

EP - 344

JO - Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Науки о Земле

JF - Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Науки о Земле

SN - 2541-9668

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ER -