Reconstructive surgery for urethral defects employing tissue-engineered scaffolds represents an alternative treatment for urethroplasty. The aim of this study was to compare the therapeutic efficacy of the bilayer poly-D,L-lactide/poly-ε-caprolactone (PL-PC) scaffold seeded with allogenic mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for urethra reconstruction in a rabbit model with conventional urethroplasty employing an autologous buccal mucosa graft (BG). The inner layer of the scaffold based on poly-D,L-lactic acid (PL) was seeded with MSCs, while the outer layer, prepared from poly-ε-caprolactone, protected the surrounding tissues from urine. To track the MSCs in vivo, the latter were labeled with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles. In rabbits, a dorsal penile defect was reconstructed employing a BG or a PL-PC graft seeded with nanoparticle-labeled MSCs. In the 12-week follow-up period, no complications were detected. Subsequent histological analysis demonstrated biointegration of the PL-PC graft with surrounding urethral tissues. Less fibrosis and inflammatory cell infiltration were observed in the experimental group as compared with the BG group. Nanoparticle-labeled MSCs were detected in the urothelium and muscular layer, co-localizing with the urothelium cytokeratin marker AE1/AE3, indicating the possibility of MSC differentiation into neo-urothelium. Our results suggest that a bilayer MSCs-seeded scaffold could be efficiently employed for urethroplasty.
|Journal||Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials|
|State||Published - 2019|
Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering