This study was conducted as a part of the research project “Endocrine and Behavioral Determinants of Human Behavior under Stress”.The goal of our study was to investigate the specifics of individual reaction to stress among young adults in two experimentally manipulated stressful situations. The experimental situations included two different social stressors: (1) Public Speaking and (2) Dating Interview. The Public Speaking situation is a modification of the Trier Social Stress test as proposed by C. T. Halpern (2002). The Dating Interview situation was designed to elicit stress response in the context of communication with a stranger of the opposite sex. The characteristics of psychological (emotions, coping) and hormonal reactions to stress were studied in relation with the individual personality traits and characteristics of stressful situations as well as the intake of caffeine in food or drink. The study sample included 62 healthy adult residents of St-Petersburg, Russia. The age range was 19–34.Main results. One of the main outcomes of the study was the development of the experimental model of human stress. Additionally, types of reactions to microstressors were determined based on the type of observed cortisol expression. Different patterns of the emotional reaction to stressful situations were observed for the two different experimental situations. Types of coping reactions to stress were described. The study results don’t confirm the original hypothesis that the level of caffeine intake will have an impact on the cortisol expression under stressful conditions. Further studies with larger samples are necessary to confirm these results.
|Translated title of the contribution||Types of Reaction to Everyday Microstressors|
|Journal||ВЕСТНИК САНКТ-ПЕТЕРБУРГСКОГО УНИВЕРСИТЕТА. СЕРИЯ 12: ПСИХОЛОГИЯ. СОЦИОЛОГИЯ. ПЕДАГОГИКА|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
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