The La 2O 3-HfO 2 system is a base for many advanced materials used in high temperature technologies and nuclear industry. Information on vaporization processes and thermodynamic properties of ceramics based on the La 2O 3-HfO 2 system is important to prevent the La 2O 3 selective vaporization during their synthesis or usage. The study was carried out by the Knudsen effusion mass spectrometric method. At 2337 K LaO and O were the main vapor species over the samples in the La 2O 3-HfO 2 system. The dependence of the La 2O 3 activities on composition in the La 2O 3-HfO 2 system was obtained by the differential mass spectrometric method. The HfO 2 activities, excess Gibbs energies and Gibbs energies of mixing were evaluated in the solid solutions of the La 2O 3-HfO 2 system at 2337 K using the Gibbs-Duhem equation and showed significant negative deviations from ideality. The solid solution presumably with the pyrochlore structure was characterized with the strongest negative deviations.
Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry